Due to its sodium content, the mineral water of Salsomaggiore belongs to the group of salty waters, a bromo-iodine-salt variety. A hypertonic and cold water extracted from artesian wells, 800 to 1,200 metres deep, at a temperature of 16°C and at a density of 16° on the Baumé scale (1 degree Baumé is equivalent to approximately 11 grams of salt per litre). Due to the therapeutic properties of the water, people come from far and wide to rid themselves of bronchial and gastric problems.
Salsomaggiore is also the place where every September the Miss Italy beauty pageant takes place.
Salsomaggiore Terme, is a village of Emilia Romagna, Italy, in the province of Parma, 6 m. S.W. of Borgo San Donnino by steam tramway. Pop. ()17900 (village); 19500 (commune). It is situated 525 ft. above sea-level at the foot of the Apennines, and is a popular watering-place, the baths being especially frequented. The water is strongly saline. The main focus of the town lies in its baths, notably in the "terme" situated in the centre of the town (Pictured). The main attraction is of course the terme, but once a year the finals of "Miss Italia" are held there, and the normally quiet streets are lined with sports cars.
Since 2007 Salsomaggiore is home of a European Festival called Incontrarsi a Salsomaggiore, a celebration of art, music and theater dedicated to women and their health.
Notable attractions of this town are the central piazza with its clothing shops, the main centre of the town with a gelateria that is renowned throughout the area and the countryside surrounding this valley town.
In the surrounding countryside there are many small villages or "frazione" including Cangelasio, Costa and Alto. There are two smaller towns situated nearby, Salsominore and Tabiano, both with their own versions of Salsomaggiore's Terme.