Salisbury (or /sɔːɫzbəɹi/) is the county seat of Wicomico County, Maryland. The population was 23,743 at the 2000 census. It is the principal city of and is included in the Salisbury, Maryland Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Salisbury-Ocean Pines, Maryland Combined Statistical Area. The city is the commercial hub of the Delmarva Peninsula and is sometimes called "the Crossroads of Delmarva".
Salisbury's location at the head of Wicomico River was a major factor in growth. At first it was a small colonial outpost of Lord Baltimore's. The river was the only navigable waterway leading out to the Chesapeake Bay for early settlers. In 1732, Salisbury became an official port; growing to be second only to Baltimore as the most active seaport in Maryland.
Salisbury is located near several major cities: Baltimore ; Washington, D.C. , Philadelphia , Norfolk , Dover , and Wilmington .
Geography and climate
Salisbury is located at (38.365806, -75.593361).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.4 square miles (29.6 km²), of which, 11.1 square miles (28.7 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (0.9 km²) of it (3.15%) is water. The city has varying elevation of 17 to 45ft.
Salisbury has a relatively mild climate, covering all four seasons. In July, the average high is 86F, the average low 67F. In January, the average high is 43F, with average low of 25F. Annual precipitation of 44.8" of rain, and 11.4" of snow.
Salisbury is the principal city of the Salisbury-Ocean Pines CSA, a Combined Statistical Area that includes the Salisbury metropolitan area (Somerset and Wicomico counties) and the Ocean Pines micropolitan area (Worcester County), which had a combined population of 155,934 at the 2000 census.
As of the census of 2000, there were 23,743 people, 9,061 households, and 4,802 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,145.5 people per square mile (828.1/km²). There were 9,612 housing units at an average density of 868.6/sq mi (335.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 60.71% White, 32.32% African American, 0.23% Native American, 3.19% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.47% from other races, and 2.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.39% of the population.
There were 9,061 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.4% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.0% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.00. In 2005, 324 new single family homes were built, with an average value of $119,358.
In the city the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 21.8% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 17.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,191, and the median income for a family was $35,527. Males had a median income of $26,829 versus $21,920 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,228. About 16.5% of families and 23.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.9% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.
Salisbury is a municipality within Wicomico County. The form of government is strong-mayor, as defined by the City Charter. In this form, executive functions are vested in a popularly elected mayor who serves a 4 year term; currently Barrie P. Tilghman. She is responsible for overseeing the Building Permits & Inspections, Internal Services, Fire, Neighborhood Services and Code Compliance, Police, and Public Works departments. Most day-to-day functions are managed by the city administrator. Legislative and oversight functions are the purview of the elected council. The five council members are elected to 4 year terms from the city's 2 districts. City elections are non-partisan. Council meets in regular session the second and fourth Monday of each month in Council Chambers. Council work sessions are held the first and third Monday of each month.
City government is housed at Government Office Building (GOB) at the intersection of West Church Street and North Division Street, downtown. The facility is shared by Salisbury and Wicomico County. The city and county also maintain a joint Planning and Zoning department.
Salisbury is headquarters for one well-known multi-national corporation, Perdue Farms
, and one large regional corporation, Piedmont Airlines
. The city's primary industries are electronic component (microwave/wireless) manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, shipbuilding, and agriculture. Notable companies are: Powerwave Technologies (formerly Filtronic Comtek), K&L Microwave, Lorch Microwave, Toroid Corporation, Harvard Custom Manufacturing, Navtrak Inc. (Electronics); MaTech Inc., Americhem, Spartech Polycom FCD, Plymouth Tube (Manufacturing); Silverton Marine, Chesapeake Shipbuilding (Shipbuilding); Tishcon Corporation, Trinity Sterile (Pharmaceuticals); Hospital Billing and Collection Service, Credit Plus, The Knowland Group (Call Centers), and Sharp Water (Water Treatment). Other major employers in Salisbury include: Salisbury University
, Peninsula Regional Medical Center, and Pepsi Bottling of Delmarva. Peninsula Regional Medical Center employs more Salisbury residents than any other company, while Perdue Farms
is the largest employer headquartered in Salisbury (with a total employment greater than the population of the City of Salisbury). The labor market within 15 miles of Salisbury is 85,000, and at a 30 mile radius 101,000 people.
Public schools are under the jurisdiction of Wicomico County Public Schools
. The city is home to numerous educational facilities. It boasts three high schools, three post secondary institutions, and numerous elementary and middle schools. Additionally, several private institutions maintain academic programs in the city.
Post secondary: Salisbury University is located off U.S. 13 Business in the University-South Neighborhood; Wor-Wic Community College is located off U.S. 50 West outside of Salisbury near Winterplace; Sojourner Douglass College is located in East Salisbury on Truitt Street.
Secondary: Salisbury Baptist Academy, James M. Bennett High School; Parkside High School; Wicomico High School; Salisbury Middle School; Wicomico Middle School; Bennett Middle School; Salisbury Christian School; The Salisbury School.
Elementary: Chipman; Glen Avenue; North Salisbury; Pinehurst; Pemberton; Prince Street; West Salisbury; East Salisbury; Wicomico Day School; The Salisbury School; Salisbury Christian School; St. Frances de Sales (Roman Catholic).
- The Daily Times
- Wicomico Weekly' - weekly publication of the Daily Times
- Metropolitan Magazine' - monthly magazine
- WBOC Channel 16, DT 21.1 CBS
- WBOC-DT2 (FOX 21 Delmarva) DT 21.2 FOX
- WMDT Channel 47, DT 53.1 ABC
- WMDT-DT2 (The CW 3 Delmarva) DT 53.2 The CW
- WCPB Channel 28, DT 58.1 & 58.2 PBS -- additional subchannels 58.3-58.5
- PAC14 Public Access Channel 14 - Local Government & Public Interest (Comcast)
Salisbury is the largest city on Maryland's Eastern Shore. The calendar of annual events emphasizes the region's focus on the outdoors. Additionally, the city and county maintain numerous parks for residents to enjoy the natural beauty of the area. Scholars and performers associated with Salisbury University contribute greatly to quality of life.
Museums and other historic facilities offer a respite from daily hustle. These include: Salisbury University Arboretum; Salisbury Zoo; Ward Museum of Wildfowl Art; Arthur W. Perdue Stadium; Edward H. Nabb Center for Delmarva History and Culture; Chipman Cultural Center; Poplar Hill Mansion; Port of Salisbury Marina; Wicomico Youth and Civic Center.
Salisbury and Wicomico County also maintain numerous parks within the metropolitan jurisdiction. These parks include: City Park, Comfort Safety Zone Playground, Doverdale Park and Playground, Elizabeth W. Woodcock Park and Playground, Jeannete Chipman Playground (fully handicapped accessible), Lake Street Park and Playground, Newtown Park, Newtown - Camden Tot Lot Park and Playground, Waterside Park and Playground, Shumaker Pond, Pemberton Historical Park, Parker Athletic Complex, The River Walk.
Salisbury has a rich history of supporting baseball. The Eastern Shore Baseball League was headquartered there; two franchises -- the Salisbury Cardinals and the Salisbury Indians -- called the city home. Today, the Delmarva Shorebirds represent the town in the South Atlantic League. The Eastern Shore Baseball Hall of Fame is housed at the Arthur W. Perdue Stadium. The Shorebirds are a Single-A Affiliate of the Baltimore Orioles.
Salisbury also is home to Division 3 Salisbury Seagulls. The Seagulls have been dominant in Football, Field Hickey, and Lacrosse with Lacrosse winning multiple NCAA National Titles. Seagull Stadium hosts the university's football team while Maggs Gymnasium hosts the basketball team.
Salisbury also hosts the Wicomico Stallions, a minor league football team.
Salisbury's oldest neighborhoods boast Federal, Georgian, and Victorian architecture. The city also has rapidly expanding areas of town homes, sprawling suburbs, and big box strip malls. Each neighborhood attracts distinct demographics. Several 55 and older communities have been constructed in the last decade.
Neighborhoods: Church St Area, Downtown, Harbor Pointe, Mt Hermon Rd, North End (Business), Park Area, Pinehurst, Smith St Area, Westside, Doverdale Area, Eastside, Johnson Lake Area, Newtown, North - Industrial, Princeton Area, Rt 13 South, University - South
- Critical Mass - Second Wednesday of the month 5:30pm in front of Guerrieri University Center
- Victorian Tea - Each February at Poplar Hill Mansion
- Salisbury Festival - Held at End of April or Beginning of Spring by Salisbury Chamber of Commerce
- Pork in the Park - A three day Pork BBQ Festival, held the third weekend of April, at Winterplace Park
- Salisbury Community Band - Offers 6 summer concerts on Sunday evenings in June and July from the Bandstand at City Park
- Purnell-Thomas Memorial Tennis Tournament - Held each August at Salisbury University
- Sea Gull Century - Cycle 100km of Maryland's Eastern Shore each October
- Autumn Wine Festival - Held the third weekend in October at Pemberton Park
- Christmas Parade - Held the first Sunday of each December, sponsored by the Salisbury Jaycees
- Yuletide Open House - Celebrate the holidays at historic Poplar Hill Mansion in Newtown each December
Community participation through various groups fosters friendliness and betterment. Organizations that sponsor events within the city include: Peace Alliance of the Lower Shore; Salisbury Area Chamber of Commerce; The Salisbury Junior Chamber of Commerce (aka Salisbury Jaycees); Salisbury Chorale; Salisbury Community Band; Salisbury Symphony Orchestra; Wicomico Players. Several churches within the community also boast impressive musical programs, notably Wicomico Presbyterian Church and Asbury United Methodist Church.
Salisbury is served by two major highways - U.S. Route 13
, one of the major north-south routes of the Delmarva Peninsula
, and U.S. Route 50
, one of the major east-west routes on the peninsula. US 13 connects Salisbury to Dover, Delaware
and Norfolk, Virginia
and is known as the Ocean Highway
, while US 50 serves as the main route between the Baltimore
region and many of the major cities in the Delmarva, including Ocean City
; it is known as the Ocean Gateway
. US 13 and US 50 originally ran through the central business district, but have been subsequently rerouted onto the Salisbury Bypass
, a 3/4 beltway around the city that allows through traffic on US 13 and US 50 to bypass the downtown area; earlier routes of both highways are now U.S. Route 13 Business
and U.S. Route 50 Business
. Earlier still, US 13 was routed along Division Street and US 50 along Main Street.
The city is also served by Maryland Route 12, a rural highway that connects Salisbury to the town of Snow Hill and U.S. Route 113.
Air and sea
The city is served by daily scheduled commercial airline service at the Wicomico Regional Airport
. Additionally, the Port of Salisbury offers respite for recreational boaters tugs alike. Salisbury's navigable stop is the second largest and second busiest commercial port in Maryland
The city is also served by Shore Transit
Shore Transit provides local bus service throughout the city with Downtown being the major transfer station. The transit system has 6 lines throughout the city with additional service to University of Maryland Eastern Shore
, Wor-Wic Community College
, and Salisbury University
. Fares are at reasonable price with special discount given to senior citizens.
Notable people from Salisbury
- Eric Brittingham, bass guitarist for Cinderella (band)
- James Cannon Jr., bishop for the Methodist Episcopal Church, born in Salisbury November 13, 1864.
- Ryan J. Davis, director & progressive activist.
- Alexis Denisof, actor
- John Glover, actor
- Fernando Guerrero, professional boxer
- Linda Hamilton, actress
- William Humphreys Jackson, Congressman representing Maryland in United States House of Representatives, Maryland District 1 from 1901-1905 & 1907-1909. He was the father of U.S. Senator, William P. Jackson. Born in Salisbury October 15, 1839.
- Frank Perdue, businessman
- Jessica Lee Rose, actress who gained fame through the online soap opera, lonelygirl15 broadcast on YouTube
- Davis R. Ruark, Wicomico County State's Attorney
- Paul Sarbanes, U.S. Senator
- Mike Seidel, meteorologist
- Kevin Shaffer, NFL football player with the Cleveland Browns.
- Richard W. Cooper, "History and Facts of Salisbury, Maryland."
- Poplar Hill Mansion