Definitions

Sadaejuui

Sadaejuui

Sadaejuui (Hangul: 사대주의, , ) is a Korean term derived from Chinese philosopher, Mencius which literally means "dealing with the great" or "to serve the great.

Overview

Sadaejuui is a foreign policy or an ideology of small country which conveys the goodwill or homage by dispatching envoys to the bigger country.

The perception of Sadaejuui in Korea was found in the 16th century, the era of King Jungjong in Joseon Dynasty, which was toward the Ming dynasty of China. It made every effort to maintain a friendly relationship with Peking during Joseon Dynasty.

Etymology

The origin Sadae (事大) comes from the word 以小事大 in Mencius's (孟子) book, which means Serve the great with the small or A small kingdom, to accommodate a large.

  • Mencius 梁惠王下

齊宣王問曰:交鄰國,有道乎

孟子對曰:有。惟仁者為能以大事小。是故,湯事葛,文王事昆夷。惟智者為能以小事大。故大王事獯鬻,句踐事吳。以大事小者,樂天者也。以小事大者,畏天者也。樂天者保天下,畏天者保其國。《詩》云:『畏天之威,于時保之。』

References

Footnotes

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