-compliant platforms, SIGTTIN
is the signal
thrown by computer programs
that attempt to read from the tty
while in the background. The symbolic constant
for SIGTTIN is defined in the header file
. Symbolic signal names are used because signal numbers can vary across platforms.
is a common prefix
for signal names. TT
is for tty
, an abbreviation for teletypewriter
, an archaic type of computer terminal
refers to input
SIGTTIN may be sent to a background process that attempts to read from its controlling terminal. In practical terms this controlling terminal is usually an interactive terminal session at which the user initiated the background job.
The default action of SIGTTIN is to stop the process. Background processes thus suspended can be placed into the foreground to accept input by the shell using the fg command or by sending them the SIGCONT signal.
The SIGTTIN signal provides an alternative to this reliance on human interaction. On receiving the SIGTTIN, for instance, an appropriately coded program may opt to perform a default action rather than waiting for a human user to foreground it and respond.
Typically this signal applies to processes under job control; daemons do not have controlling terminals and should never receive this signal.
- SIGTTOU - a corresponding signal received if a background process tries to write to its controlling terminal.