Rzeszów (Ряшiв, Reichshof, Resovia, ריישע-Reisha) is a city in south-eastern Poland with a population of 170,722 (2008), granted a town charter in 1354, the capital and largest city of the Subcarpathian Voivodeship (since 1999), previously of Rzeszów Voivodeship (1945–1998).
Rzeszów is served by an international airport, is a member of Eurocities, and is home to a number of large universities, company headquarters, and foreign consulates.
Rzeszów is located on both sides of the Wisłok
river. It is located in the heartland of the Sandomierska valley
. Rzeszów is also the capital of the Subcarpathian Voivodeship
, and seat
of the Rzeszów County
Rzeszów was founded in 1354 by king Casimir III of Poland
. For a long time it was just a domain of the noble family of Lubomirski
, one of the most important in Poland. Besides having a famous annual market, Rzeszów remained only another city on the trade route to Hungary. In 1658 Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski
established the Piarist
school, the second secondary school in Poland. During the XIX century Rzeszów began to lose significance in favour of Przemyśl
. Development of Rzeszów started when in 1937 military industry was located in the city: Państwowe Zakłady Lotnicze
, producing aircraft engines, and a cannon factory — a branch of Hipolit Cegielski
Until on the outbreak of WW2 the Jews of Rzeszów numbered 15,000, more than one-third of the total population. The town was occupied by the German Army on 10 September 1939. German persecution of the Jews of began almost immediately, by the end of 1939, there were 10 forced labour camps in the Rzeszów region and many Jews became slave labourers in the region. Jewish were forced to live in the Gestapo controlled ghetto. Many Jews managed to flee to Soviet occupied Poland. By June 1940, the number of Jews in Rzeszów had decreased to 11,800, of whom 7,800 were pre-war residents of the city the rest were refugees from surrounding villages. Life in the ghetto was impossible and hundreds died. During WWII some 20,000 Jews were murdered in the ghetto in Rzeszów. This number includes thousands who were sent to Rzeszów only to be deported or murdered soon after arrival. Of 15,000 Rzeszów Jews, merely 100 survived the war; in Rzeszów itself, in hiding all over Poland, and in various camps. After the war an additional 600 Rzeszów Jews returned from the Soviet Union. Almost all of them subsequently left the city and the country.
In 2004, Rzeszów hosted the Central European Olympiad in Informatics (CEOI).
- Rzeszów University (established in 2001 from a number of smaller schools)
- Rzeszów University of Technology (formed from The Higher Engineering School in 1974) website
- University of Information Technology and Management (established in 1996) website
- Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania
- Wyższa Szkoła Administracji i Zarządzania in Przemyśl, branch in Rzeszów (established in 1995) website
Notable High Schools:
Ropczyce is located on the main West-East European E40 Highway
, which goes from Calais
, across Germany
and onto Russia
. Traffic is therefore high, but as the city has a ring road through its southern districts, transit does not have to pass through the city centre.
Other Polish cities located by the E40
highway are Wrocław
In recent years, communication has been improved by modernisation of the roads within the city. SCATS traffic system has been implemented.
Highway A4 is planned to be built as a beltway of the city, running through the northern districts of Rzeszów.
(Port Lotniczy Rzeszów-Jasionka) is located in the village of Jasionka north of the city. Scheduled passenger services include flights to: Warsaw
, London (Stansted
, UK, Birmingham
, UK, New York
, and Newark Liberty International Airport
The city operates 49 bus lines including night and airport buses. Rzeszów is also a gateway to Bieszczady
mountains, many buses heading for Sanok
Rzeszów is a stop on the main railway from Silesia
to the Polish eastern border and further on to Ukraine
. Its main railway station was established in the XIX. century. There is also a unique, non-electrified railway to Jasło
- Theatre of Wanda Siemaszkowa (est. 1944)
- Theatre Maska
- Etnographic Museum
- Museum of the City of Rzeszów
- Diocesan Museum
- Philharmonic Hall of Artur Malawski
At Widelka substation, situated approximately 20 kilometres northnortheast of Rzeszów, the only 750 kV powerline in Poland, coming from Khelmitiskaja in Ukraine ends.
- palace of Lubomirski family from XVIII cent.
- main square
- town hall, established in 1591
- synagogues: "Small" (XVII cent.), "Big" (XVIII cent., restored 1954-63)
- Łańcut palace
- Podziemia, underground tunnel.
As the largest city of the region Rzeszów has a diverse set of notable people associated with it. Singer Justyna Steczkowska
, general Józef Zając
, and leading theater director Jerzy Grotowski
, among others, were born in the city. Polish prime minister and commander-in-chief general Władysław Sikorski
studied there while the pioneer of the oil industry Ignacy Łukasiewicz
spent much of his life in Rzeszów. Renowned Polish jazz trumpet player Tomasz Stanko is also from Rzeszów.
- Radio Rzeszów
- Radio Eska Rzeszów
- Akademickie Radio Centrum
- Katolickie Radio Via
- Radio RES
- Gazeta Codzienna NOWINY
- Super Nowości
- Polish Television (TVP) branch in Rzeszów
- Rzeszów's cable television
- Local television Vectra (old DAMI)
- Municipal television Rzeszów
Sister Cities/Twin Towns
Rzeszów is twinned