Russell, Henry Norris,
1877-1957, American astronomer, b. Oyster Bay, N.Y., grad. Princeton, 1897. In 1902 he went to Cambridge, England, to study. He returned to Princeton in 1905, was professor of astronomy there (1911-27), research professor (1927-47), and director of the observatory (1912-47). In 1947 he became research associate at the Harvard Observatory. Russell established a method of determining the dimensions of eclipsing binary stars. With Ejnar Hertzsprung
he devised the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram
. His spectroscopic studies resulted in his development of a theory of stellar evolution
. He wrote Determinations of Stellar Parallax
(1926-27), Fate and Freedom
(1927), The Solar System and Its Origin
(1935), and The Masses of the Stars
(with C. E. Moore, 1940).
See biography by D. H. DeVorkin (2000).
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