Definitions

Russell, Charles Taze

Russell, Charles Taze

Russell, Charles Taze, 1852-1916, founder of the movement whose followers are known as Russellites, as Bible Students, and (since 1931) as Jehovah's Witnesses, b. Pittsburgh, Pa. There he predicted (1872) the second coming of Christ and the millennium. In 1878 he organized his followers as an independent church. His teachings were spread through the Watch Tower, which Russell began to publish in 1879. In 1909 he moved his headquarters to the Brooklyn Tabernacle, New York City. Russell was involved in scandals, which somewhat tarnished his reputation, but his sect, nonetheless, flourished. His writings are contained in a series of books under the title Millennial Dawn (6 vol., 1886-1904).

(born Feb. 16, 1852, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S.—died Oct. 31, 1916, Pampa, Texas) U.S. religious leader who founded the International Bible Students Association, the forerunner of the Jehovah's Witnesses. He was raised in the Congregational church but rejected its teachings, unable to reconcile God's mercy with the idea of hell. Influenced by the Adventists, he adopted a doctrine of millennialism. He founded the International Bible Students Association in 1872 (renamed Jehovah's Witnesses in 1931) and taught that the final days would come in 1914 and that Christ's kingdom on earth would begin after a war between capitalism and socialism. In 1884 he founded the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, today one of the world's largest publishers. His books, pamphlets, and periodicals were widely circulated, and he won many converts despite the apparent failure of his apocalyptic prediction.

Learn more about Russell, Charles Taze with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Russell is an English, Irish, or Scottish name derived from old French, the old French word for Red was rouse; hence the carry over from French the English Russell, the name also derives from the animal, the fox. Its uses include:

People

Philosophy

Art and literature

Religion

Entertainment and media

Military and politics

English Whig family

Members of this family have held the title of Earl of Bedford since the 16th century, and Duke of Bedford since the late 17th century.

Science and technology

Sports and recreation

Fictional

Places

Australia

Canada

New Zealand

  • Russell, New Zealand, formerly Kororareka
  • Okiato or Old Russell, the first capital of New Zealand and known as Russell in the early 1840s when present-day Russell was still known as Kororareka

Solomon Islands

United States of America

See also:

Ships

  • Five ships of the British Royal Navy have been named HMS Russell
  • Two ships of the United States Navy have been named USS Russell

Other uses

Search another word or see Russell, Charles Tazeon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature
FAVORITES
RECENT

;