Rudolph

Rudolph

[roo-dolf]
Marcus, Rudolph, 1923-, American chemist, b. Montreal, Canada. A professor at the California Institute of Technology, he was awarded the 1992 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for developing a theory of electron transfer reactions in chemical systems.
Valentino, Rudolph, 1895-1926, American film actor, b. Italy as Rodolfo Guglielmi. He emigrated to the United States in 1913 and, after a brief career as a dancer and bit player, was an instant success in the film The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921), largely due to a steamy tango scene. His fame, the effect of his exotic good looks, and his ability to provoke a kind of sexual hysteria in his many fans increased greatly with the release of The Sheik in 1921. Subsequent hits included Blood and Sand (1922), Monsieur Beaucaire (1924), and The Son of the Sheik (1926), his last film. By the year of his death, Valentino, the movies' first "Latin lover" and premier sex symbol, had become the idol of millions. Valentino's screen personality and his early death, both surrounded by mystery, made him a cult figure.

See biographies by A. Arnold (1954), R. Oberfirst (1962), and E. W. Leider (2003).

Schildkraut, Rudolph, 1862-1930, Austrian actor. He was a member of Max Reinhardt's Deutsches Theater, Berlin. In 1911 he came to the United States and until 1922 was a star of the Yiddish Art Theater in New York City. His son, Joseph Schildkraut, 1896-1964, first achieved fame in a Theatre Guild production of Liliom (1921). He appeared in many motion pictures after 1921. His performance as the father in The Diary of Anne Frank (1955) was outstanding.

See his autobiography, My Father and I (1959).

Rudolph: see Raoul, king of France.
Rudolph, Paul Marvin, 1918-97, American modernist architect, b. Elkton, Ky. Rudolph taught at several universities and served as chair of the Yale Univ. architecture department from 1958-65. He was one of the most influential American architects of the mid-20th cent., creating buildings that were often characterized by boldly contrasting masses, complexly interlocking spaces, and innovative surfaces. He designed the Jewett Art Center (1959) at Wellesley College, the Greeley (Colo.) Forestry Building (1959), the Government Service Center in Boston (1963), and the famous Art and Architecture Building (1964, now Paul Rudolph Hall) at Yale. His other works include the Earl Brydges Memorial Library in Niagara Falls, N.Y. (1970-75), and the Burroughs Wellcome corporate headquarters (1970) and the Chapel at the Chandler School of Theology (1979) in Atlanta. Many of his highly spatial later commissions were in Southeast Asia, e.g., Beach Road II, Singapore (1981-82), and the Dharmala office building, Jakarta (1986).

See his book on architecture (1970); study by R. Spade (1971); T. Monk, The Art and Architecture of Paul Rudolph (1999); E. Stoller, The Yale Art & Architecture Building (1999); R. De Alba, Paul Rudolph: The Late Work (2003).

Rudolph, Wilma Glodean, 1940-94, American track and field athlete, b. Clarksville, Tenn. The 20th of 22 children, she overcame childhood polio to become one of the premiere athletes of her time. She won three gold medals at the 1960 Olympics in the 100-meter and 200-meter races and the 4 × 100 meter relay. In 1961 she won the James E. Sullivan Memorial Award, given annually to the top American amateur athlete.

See her autobiography, Wilma (1978).

Wilma Rudolph, 1961.

(born June 23, 1940, St. Bethlehem, Tenn., U.S.—died Nov. 12, 1994, Brentwood, Tenn.) U.S. sprinter. She was a sickly child who wore an orthopedic shoe until she was 11. She matured into an excellent basketball player and sprinter in high school and at Tennessee State University. At the 1960 Olympics in Rome she won the 100-m and 200-m dashes and was a member of the winning 4 × 100-m relay team. She became the first American woman to win three track-and-field gold medals in a single Olympics.

Learn more about Rudolph, Wilma (Glodean) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Rodolfo Guglielmi di Valentina d'Antonguolla

(born May 6, 1895, Castellaneta, Italy—died Aug. 23, 1926, New York, N.Y., U.S.) Italian-born U.S. film actor. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1913 and worked as a dancer before moving to Hollywood in 1918. He played small parts in movies until his role in The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921) made him a star. His popularity, promoted by skillful press agents, soared among women as he played the handsome, mysterious lover in romantic dramas such as The Sheik (1921), Blood and Sand (1922), The Eagle (1925), and The Son of the Sheik (1926). His sudden death at 31 from a ruptured ulcer caused worldwide hysteria, several suicides, and riots at his funeral.

Learn more about Valentino, Rudolph with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Wilma Rudolph, 1961.

(born June 23, 1940, St. Bethlehem, Tenn., U.S.—died Nov. 12, 1994, Brentwood, Tenn.) U.S. sprinter. She was a sickly child who wore an orthopedic shoe until she was 11. She matured into an excellent basketball player and sprinter in high school and at Tennessee State University. At the 1960 Olympics in Rome she won the 100-m and 200-m dashes and was a member of the winning 4 × 100-m relay team. She became the first American woman to win three track-and-field gold medals in a single Olympics.

Learn more about Rudolph, Wilma (Glodean) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

or Rudy Giuliani

(born May 28, 1944, Brooklyn, New York, N.Y., U.S.) U.S. politician, who was mayor of New York City from 1994 to 2002. Beginning in 1970, he worked for the U.S. government, holding positions in the office of the U.S. attorney and in the Department of Justice. He practiced law privately (1977–81) but returned to the Justice Department as associate attorney general (1981–83). In 1983 he was appointed U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York. In 1994 he became New York City's first Republican mayor in two decades. Credited with cutting crime, improving the quality of life, and benefiting business, he won a second term in 1997, though critics charged that he defended police misconduct and gutted essential programs. After the September 11 attacks in 2001, Giuliani was praised for his strong leadership of the city through the crisis.

Learn more about Giuliani, Rudolph W(illiam) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Rodolfo Guglielmi di Valentina d'Antonguolla

(born May 6, 1895, Castellaneta, Italy—died Aug. 23, 1926, New York, N.Y., U.S.) Italian-born U.S. film actor. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1913 and worked as a dancer before moving to Hollywood in 1918. He played small parts in movies until his role in The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921) made him a star. His popularity, promoted by skillful press agents, soared among women as he played the handsome, mysterious lover in romantic dramas such as The Sheik (1921), Blood and Sand (1922), The Eagle (1925), and The Son of the Sheik (1926). His sudden death at 31 from a ruptured ulcer caused worldwide hysteria, several suicides, and riots at his funeral.

Learn more about Valentino, Rudolph with a free trial on Britannica.com.

German Rudolph Camerer

(born Feb. 17, 1665, Tübingen, Ger.—died Sept. 11, 1721, Tübingen) German botanist. One of the first to perform experiments in heredity, he demonstrated sexuality in plants by identifying and defining the male and female reproductive parts of the plant and by describing their function in fertilization, showing that pollen is required for the process.

Learn more about Camerarius, Rudolph (Jacob) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

or Rudy Giuliani

(born May 28, 1944, Brooklyn, New York, N.Y., U.S.) U.S. politician, who was mayor of New York City from 1994 to 2002. Beginning in 1970, he worked for the U.S. government, holding positions in the office of the U.S. attorney and in the Department of Justice. He practiced law privately (1977–81) but returned to the Justice Department as associate attorney general (1981–83). In 1983 he was appointed U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York. In 1994 he became New York City's first Republican mayor in two decades. Credited with cutting crime, improving the quality of life, and benefiting business, he won a second term in 1997, though critics charged that he defended police misconduct and gutted essential programs. After the September 11 attacks in 2001, Giuliani was praised for his strong leadership of the city through the crisis.

Learn more about Giuliani, Rudolph W(illiam) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

German Rudolph Camerer

(born Feb. 17, 1665, Tübingen, Ger.—died Sept. 11, 1721, Tübingen) German botanist. One of the first to perform experiments in heredity, he demonstrated sexuality in plants by identifying and defining the male and female reproductive parts of the plant and by describing their function in fertilization, showing that pollen is required for the process.

Learn more about Camerarius, Rudolph (Jacob) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Rudolph is a village in Wood County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 423 at the 2000 census. The village is located within the Town of Rudolph

Attractions

  • Home of the St. Philip parish grotto and Wonder Cave.
  • The Wisconsin Dairy State Cheese Company provides guided tours and movie focus on Wisconsin's rich dairy heritage. Fresh cheese curds and ice cream are available as well as a retail outlet and an observation window.
  • Thousands of holiday greetings are sent each year to the Rudolph postmaster for a special Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer postmark.

Geography

Rudolph is located at (44.497202, -89.801896).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km²).None of the area is covered with water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 423 people, 170 households, and 122 families residing in the village. The population density was 388.3 people per square mile (149.8/km²). There were 177 housing units at an average density of 162.5/sq mi (62.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.04% White, 0.24% Black or African American, 0.71% Native American, 2.36% Asian, and 1.65% from two or more races. 1.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 170 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.9% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the village the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $41,125, and the median income for a family was $50,625. Males had a median income of $40,500 versus $28,750 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,895. None of the families and 3.0% of the population was living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 10.9% of those over 64.

Notable residents

References

External links

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