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Rowling

Rowling

[roh-ling]
Rowling, J. K. (Joanne Kathleen Rowling), 1965-, English author known for her popular children's books, b. Chipping Sodbury, grad. Exeter Univ. (1986). While unemployed she completed her first book, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (1996), a vivid tale of a young wizard and his friends, adversaries, and teachers at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Published in the United States as Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone (1998, film 2001), it attracted a huge international readership. The rest of the books in the series (and films based on them) soon followed—Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (1998, film 2002), Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (1999, film 2004), Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2000, film 2005), Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2003, film 2007), Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2005), and Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (2007)—making Rowling one of the world's most successful and wealthiest authors. Her books, which appeal to both young and adult audiences, have sold in the multimillions, been translated into more than 60 languages, and are widely credited with reviving the practice of reading in many children. Under fanciful pseudonyms Rowling has published two books related to the series, Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them and Quidditch through the Ages (both: 2001).

See biographies by S. Smith (2001), W. Compson (2003), C. A. Kirk (2003), C. C. Lovett (2003), and C. A. Sexton (2005); studies by J. Granger (2002), G. L. Anatol, ed. (2003), E. Heilman, ed. (2003), J. Houghton (2003), G. Wiener, ed. (2003), D. Baggett and S. E. Klein, ed. (2004), G. W. Beahm (2004), and M. Lackey, ed. (2006).

(born July 31, 1965, Chipping Sodbury, near Bristol, Eng.) British author, creator of the popular and critically acclaimed Harry Potter series. The first book in the seven-volume series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (also published as Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone), was published in 1997. Featuring vivid descriptions and an imaginative story line, the book followed the unlikely hero Harry Potter, a lonely orphan who discovers that he is actually a wizard. The book was an immediate success, appealing to both children (its intended audience) and adults. Succeeding volumes—Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (1998), Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (1999), Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2000), Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2003), and Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2005)—were also best sellers. In 2007 the final book in the series, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was published. Rowling was credited with renewing children's interest in reading, and in 2001 she was appointed OBE (Officer of the British Empire). That year also marked the release of the film adaptation of the first Harry Potter book. It became one of the top-grossing movies in the world, and subsequent volumes were also made into highly successful films. In 2008 Rowling published The Tales of Beedle the Bard, a collection of fairy tales.

Learn more about Rowling, J(oanne) K(athleen) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born July 31, 1965, Chipping Sodbury, near Bristol, Eng.) British author, creator of the popular and critically acclaimed Harry Potter series. The first book in the seven-volume series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (also published as Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone), was published in 1997. Featuring vivid descriptions and an imaginative story line, the book followed the unlikely hero Harry Potter, a lonely orphan who discovers that he is actually a wizard. The book was an immediate success, appealing to both children (its intended audience) and adults. Succeeding volumes—Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (1998), Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (1999), Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2000), Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2003), and Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2005)—were also best sellers. In 2007 the final book in the series, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was published. Rowling was credited with renewing children's interest in reading, and in 2001 she was appointed OBE (Officer of the British Empire). That year also marked the release of the film adaptation of the first Harry Potter book. It became one of the top-grossing movies in the world, and subsequent volumes were also made into highly successful films. In 2008 Rowling published The Tales of Beedle the Bard, a collection of fairy tales.

Learn more about Rowling, J(oanne) K(athleen) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

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