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Romney, George

Romney, George

Romney, George, 1734-1802, English portrait painter, b. Lancashire. Having had little early training, Romney went to London in 1762, where he rapidly became a popular and fashionable portrait painter. He studied in Italy (1773-75), and returned to England to rival Reynolds in popularity. In 1783, Romney met Emma Hart, the future Lady Hamilton, whom he painted many times as various historical figures. During his last years he gave up much of his portrait painting for literary subjects, such as Milton and His Daughters and Scene from "The Tempest" (for Boydell's Shakespeare Gall.). Romney's best portraits are ranked among the finest of the English school. His portraits of women are facile and charming, those of men more studied and impressive (e.g., Self-portrait, 1782; National Portrait Gall., London). He is well represented in the Frick Collection and the Metropolitan Museum, New York City, and the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

See biography by his son J. Romney (1830); catalogue raisonné by T. H. Ward and W. Roberts (2 vol., 1904).

George Romney, “Self Portrait,” oil painting, 1782; in the National Portrait Gallery, elipsis

(born Dec. 15, 1734, Dalton-in-Furness, Lancashire, Eng.—died Nov. 15, 1802, Kendal, Westmorland) British portrait painter. Son of a Lancashire cabinetmaker, he began his career by touring the northern counties, painting portraits for a few guineas each. In 1762 he established himself as a portraitist in London and quickly won favour among society patrons. His success depended on the flattery of his likenesses; he avoided any suggestion of the sitter's character or sensibilities. Infatuated with Emma Hart (later Lady Hamilton) circa 1781–82, he went on to paint more than 50 images of her. Line, rather than colour, dominates his work, and the flowing rhythms and easy poses of Roman Classical sculpture underlie the smooth patterns of his compositions.

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The name Romney might refer to:

People

British Commonwealth

U.S. political family

  • George W. Romney (1907–1995), governor of Michigan and father of Mitt Romney
  • Marion G. Romney (1897–1988), prominent leader in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, cousin of George W. Romney
  • Lenore Romney (1908–1998), Michigan politician, former First Lady of Michigan (wife of George Romney), 1970 United States Senate Republican nominee
  • Mitt Romney (born 1947), former governor of Massachusetts, former candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in 2008
  • G. Scott Romney, Michigan politician, brother of Mitt Romney

Places

United Kingdom

Other

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