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Rolfe

Rolfe

[rolf]
Rolfe, Frederick William, 1860-1913, English novelist, also known as Baron Corvo. After a vain attempt to become a priest, Rolfe earned a living painting and teaching before he began to write under the name Baron Corvo. His most famous work is the novel Hadrian the Seventh (1904), which chronicles the life of Arthur Rose, who, although rejected for the priesthood, eventually becomes pope. One of the strangest novels in English, Hadrian the Seventh was dramatized by Peter Luke in 1967 and successfully produced in London and New York. Rolfe's bizarre, abusive, and erudite personality is revealed in his The Desire and Pursuit of the Whole (1934), which tells of his final sordid years in Venice.

See his letters (3 vol., 1959-62); biographical studies by A. J. A. Symons (1955) and D. Weeks (1971).

Rolfe, John, 1585-1622, English colonist in Virginia. He reached the colony in May, 1610, and introduced (1612) the regular cultivation of tobacco, which became Virginia's staple. A widower, he fell in love with and married (1614) Pocahontas, daughter of the Native American chief Powhatan. They went to England in 1616, and there she died (1617). He returned to Virginia, remarried, and held several offices. He was probably killed in the Native American massacre of 1622.

(baptized May 6, 1585, Norfolk, Eng.—died 1622?, Virginia) English colonial official. He arrived in Virginia (1610), where his experiments with tobacco cultivation produced the first export crop and built the colony's economy. In 1614 he married Pocahontas, which helped assure peaceful relations with local tribes. In 1617 the couple and their infant son traveled to England; they were enthusiastically received, but Pocahontas became ill and died. Rolfe returned to Virginia and was appointed to the colony's council. He was apparently killed in a massacre.

Learn more about Rolfe, John with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(baptized May 6, 1585, Norfolk, Eng.—died 1622?, Virginia) English colonial official. He arrived in Virginia (1610), where his experiments with tobacco cultivation produced the first export crop and built the colony's economy. In 1614 he married Pocahontas, which helped assure peaceful relations with local tribes. In 1617 the couple and their infant son traveled to England; they were enthusiastically received, but Pocahontas became ill and died. Rolfe returned to Virginia and was appointed to the colony's council. He was apparently killed in a massacre.

Learn more about Rolfe, John with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Rolfe is a city in Pocahontas County, Iowa, United States. The population was 675 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Rolfe is located at (42.814333, -94.530029).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square miles (2.7 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 675 people, 296 households, and 185 families residing in the city. The population density was 643.9 people per square mile (248.2/km²). There were 326 housing units at an average density of 311.0/sq mi (119.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.63% White, 0.44% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.44% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.04% of the population.

There were 296 households out of which 24.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.2% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 27.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,861, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $19,167 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,426. About 9.7% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

References

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