Rodolphe

Rodolphe

Töpffer, Rodolphe, 1799-1846, Swiss novelist, b. Geneva. His humorous tales and novels of Swiss life were often illustrated with his own apposite drawings. Töpffer's travelogues of fanciful voyages through the Alps, Voyages en zigzag (1844), enjoyed a great vogue.
Kreutzer, Rodolphe, 1766-1831, French composer and violinist. He was professor of violin at the Paris Conservatory from its founding in 1795 until 1826 and was one of the authors of the violin method taught there. Although he composed some 40 operas and numerous concertos and sonatas, he is remembered for his 40 études for the violin, which remain unsurpassed. Beethoven's Kreutzer Sonata is dedicated to him.

(born May 28, 1807, Motier, Switz.—died Dec. 14, 1873, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.) Swiss-born U.S. naturalist, geologist, and teacher. After studies in Switzerland and Germany, he moved to the U.S. in 1846. He did landmark work on glacier activity and extinct fishes. He became famous for his innovative teaching methods, which encouraged learning through direct observation of nature, and his term as a zoology professor at Harvard University revolutionized the study of natural history in the U.S.; every notable American teacher of natural history in the late 19th century was a pupil either of Agassiz or of one of his students. In addition, he was an outstanding science administrator, promoter, and fund-raiser. He was a lifelong opponent of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. His second wife, Elizabeth Agassiz, cofounder and first president of Radcliffe College, and his son, Alexander Agassiz, were also noted naturalists.

Learn more about Agassiz, (Jean) Louis (Rodolphe) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Rodolphe-Madeleine Cléophas Dareste de la Chavanne (December 25, 1824 - March 24, 1911) was a French jurist.

Born in Paris, he studied at the École des Chartes and the École de Droit, and starting early on a legal career he rose to be counsellor to the Court of Cassation (1877 to 1900). His first publication was an Essai sur François Hotman (1850), completed later by his publication of Hotman's correspondence in the Revue historique (1876), and he devoted the whole of his leisure to legal history.

Of his writings may be mentioned:

  • Les Anciennes Lois de l'Islande (1881)
  • Mémoire sur les anciens monuments du droit de la Hongrie (1885)
  • Études d'histoire du droit (1889)

On Greek law he wrote some notable works:

  • Du prêt à la grosse chez les Athéniens (1867)
  • Les Inscriptions hypothécaires en Grèce (1885)
  • La Science du droit en Grèce: Platon, Aristote, Théophraste (1893)
  • Étude sur la loi de Gortyne (1885).

He collaborated with Theodore Reinach and B Haussoullier in their Recueil des inscriptions juridiques grecques (1905), and his name is worthily associated with the edition of Philippe de Beaumanoir's Coutumes de Beauvaisis, published by Salmon (2 vols., 1899, 1900).

References

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