Robertson

Robertson

[rob-ert-suhn]
Robertson, Sir Dennis, 1890-1963, British economist, grad. Trinity College, Cambridge. A professor at Cambridge (1944-57), he also handled Anglo-American financial relationships during World War II and played an active part in the postwar Bretton Woods Monetary Conference. Robertson was an early associate of John Maynard Keynes, and his Banking Policy and the Price Level (1926) foreshadowed some of Keynes's later work, especially that part dealing with the relationship between saving and investment. Later, however, Robertson became a trenchant critic of Keynesian economics. In A Study of Industrial Fluctuation (1915), Robertson's examination of the trade cycle, he supported government intervention and assumed a strongly anti-inflationary position. He was noted for his unique ability to present abstract economic analysis in highly readable form.

See R. J. Saulnier, Contemporary Monetary Theory (1938, repr. 1970).

Robertson, Ethel Richardson: see Richardson, Henry Handel.
Robertson, James, 1742-1814, American frontiersman, a founder of Tennessee, b. Brunswick co., Va. He was reared in North Carolina. After the failure of the Regulator movement, he led (1771) a group of settlers from Orange co., N.C., to Tennessee, where he became a leader of the Watauga Association. In 1779, Robertson explored the Cumberland River country for Richard Henderson and his Transylvania Company and in 1780 began the settlement of Nashborough, later renamed Nashville. Under the Cumberland Compact he became the chief civil and military officer of the community, and his wise leadership was largely responsible for its survival. When the state of Tennessee was organized in 1796, Robertson was prominent in drafting its first constitution. In his later years he served in the state senate (1798) and as agent to the Chickasaw.

See biography by A. W. Putnam (1859, repr. 1971).

Robertson, Oscar, 1938-, U.S. basketball player, b. Charlotte, Tenn. Passionately devoted to basketball as a youth, Robertson led his high school team to 45 consecutive victories. After an athletically brilliant college career at the Univ. of Cincinnati, Robertson, known as the "Big O," joined the Cincinnati Royals of the National Basketball Association. Robertson, only 6 ft 4 in. (193 cm) in height, scored 26,710 points for the Royals (1960-70) and the Milwaukee Bucks (1970-72). His career total of 9,887 assists marks him as a superb playmaker.
Robertson, Pat (Marion Gordon Robertson), 1930-, American evangelist and politician, b. Lexington, Va. The son of U.S. Senator A. Willis Robertson, he is a graduate of Yale Law School and an ordained Southern Baptist minister. In 1960 he founded the Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN). As host of a television talk show (1968-86, 1988-) on CBN and its cable channel (later the Family Channel; sold in 1997) that blends evangelical Protestantism with conservative politics, he has attained a large and loyal following. Robertson campaigned unsuccessfully for the 1988 Republican presidential nomination. In 1989 he founded the Christian Coalition, a conservative Christian political group that has been influential in the Republican party; he served as its president until 2001. In 2005-6 he attracted attention with a number of highly controversial remarks, including calling for the assassination of President Hugo Chávez of Venezuela. Robertson is the author of a number of books, including an apocalyptic novel (1996).

See his autobiography (rev. ed. 1995); biographies by D. E. Harrell, Jr. (1987) and J. B. Donovan (1988); studies by G. T. Straub (1986), H. Morken (1988), A. D. Hertzke (1993), R. Boston (1996), and A. Foege (1996).

Robertson, Thomas William, 1829-71, English dramatist and actor; brother of Madge Kendal. After spending several years as an actor, he turned to playwriting, initiating the "cup and saucer" school of drama, which was characterized by its realism and its contemporary, domestic setting. His first successful play, David Garrick (1864), was followed by Society (1865) and Ours (1866). With Caste (1867) he began a close association with Squire Bancroft and his wife, Marie Wilton Bancroft, the actress, and they produced several of his plays. Although Robertson's plays were always criticized as being sentimental and shallow, they were very popular.
Robertson, William, 1721-93, Scottish churchman and historian. As moderator (1762-80) of the general assembly of the Church of Scotland, he led the moderate party and enforced the right of the state to make clerical appointments. Robertson was one of the first to approach history as an empirical science. His History of Scotland during the Reigns of Queen Mary and King James VI (1759), a factual, pragmatic history, was praised by Edmund Burke, David Hume, and others. Soon after its success, he became principal of the Univ. of Edinburgh (1762) and historiographer royal (1764). His masterpiece was The History of the Reign of Charles V (3 vol., 1796; ed. by W. H. Prescott, 2 vol., 1857), though it has long been dated. His History of the Discovery and Settlement of America (1777) was the first sympathetic treatment in English of the Spanish in America.
Robertson, Sir William Robert, 1860-1933, British field marshal. He enlisted in the army in 1877 and became an officer in 1888. He was in the intelligence department in India (1892-96) and served in a similar capacity in the South African War (1899-1902). In World War I he served in France as quartermaster general of the British army and chief of staff (1915) to Gen. Sir John French. Appointed chief of the imperial general staff in 1915, he came into conflict with David Lloyd George because of his strong advocacy of concentrating forces on the Western Front. He was relieved of this command in 1918. He commanded (1919-20) the British army on the Rhine and was made a baronet (1919) and a field marshal (1920). He was the first British field marshal to come up through the ranks. He is the author of From Private to Field-Marshal (1921) and Soldiers and Statesmen, 1914-1918 (1926).

See biography by V. Bonham-Carter (1964).

Davies, Robertson (William Robertson Davies), 1913-95, Canadian writer and editor. After receiving a B.Litt. from Oxford (1938), he joined the Old Vic Theatre Company before returning to Canada (1940) as an editor. In 1963 he became the first master of Massey College, a graduate college of the Univ. of Toronto; he retired in 1981. During his long literary career he produced more than 30 works of fiction as well as plays, essays, and criticism. Among the most important themes explored in his densely plotted novels are the moral dimensions of life, the isolation of the human spirit, and humanity's growth from innocence to experience.

Davies's three novel trilogies deal with life in fictional Ontario villages. The Salterton Trilogy—Tempest-Tost (1951), Leaven of Malice (1954), and A Mixture of Frailties (1958)—is a satiric romance that explores Canadian life and culture. The Deptford Trilogy—Fifth Business (1970), The Manticore (1972), and World of Wonders (1975)—is a richly plotted study of three individuals' journeys to self-discovery that mingles humor, mystery, magic, grotesqueries, and the Jungian theory of archetypes. Later novels include his third trilogy, the Cornish—The Rebel Angels (1981), Bred in the Bone (1985), and The Lyre of Orpheus (1989), as well as The Cunning Man (1995).

Bibliography

See For Your Eye Alone: Letters, 1976-1996 (2001), ed. by J. S. Grant; biography by J. S. Grant (1978, 1994); studies by E. Buitenhuis (1972), P. A. Morley (1977), J. Mills (1984), S. Stone-Blackburn (1985), and M. Peterman (1986).

(born Nov. 24, 1938, Charlotte, Tenn., U.S.) U.S. basketball player. He was the first African American to play for the University of Cincinnati. Drafted by the Cincinnati Royals of the NBA in 1960, he averaged double figures in points (30.8), rebounds (12.5), and assists (11.4) per game in 1961–62, a feat unmatched by any other player. He played for the Milwaukee Bucks (1970–74) and helped the team win a championship in 1970. He ended his career with 26,710 points, 7,804 rebounds, and 9,887 assists.

Learn more about Robertson, Oscar (Palmer) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Aug. 28, 1913, Thamesville, Ont., Can.—died Dec. 2, 1995, Orangeville, Ont.) Canadian novelist and playwright. Educated at the University of Oxford, Davies for many years edited the Peterborough (Ont.) Examiner and taught at the University of Toronto. He is best known for three trilogies: the Deptford trilogy consists of Fifth Business (1970), The Manticore (1972), and World of Wonders (1975), novels examining the intersecting lives of three men from a small Canadian town; the Salterton trilogy, three comedies of manners set in a provincial university town; and the so-called Cornish trilogy—The Rebel Angels (1981), What's Bred in the Bone (1985), and The Lyre of Orpheus (1988). Davies's novels are notable for satirizing bourgeois provincialism and exploring the relationship between mysticism and art.

Learn more about Davies, (William) Robertson with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Nov. 24, 1938, Charlotte, Tenn., U.S.) U.S. basketball player. He was the first African American to play for the University of Cincinnati. Drafted by the Cincinnati Royals of the NBA in 1960, he averaged double figures in points (30.8), rebounds (12.5), and assists (11.4) per game in 1961–62, a feat unmatched by any other player. He played for the Milwaukee Bucks (1970–74) and helped the team win a championship in 1970. He ended his career with 26,710 points, 7,804 rebounds, and 9,887 assists.

Learn more about Robertson, Oscar (Palmer) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Robertson is a census-designated place (CDP) in Uinta County, Wyoming, United States. The population was 59 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Robertson is located at (41.190095, -110.429333).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.1 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 59 people, 23 households, and 18 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 19.0 people per square mile (7.3/km²). There were 36 housing units at an average density of 11.6/sq mi (4.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.61% White, and 3.39% from two or more races.

There were 23 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.9% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.4% were non-families. 13.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 3.4% from 18 to 24, 16.9% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 25.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $52,750, and the median income for a family was $31,875. Males had a median income of $21,875 versus $36,250 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,432. There were 10.5% of families and 7.9% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 25.0% of those over 64.

References

External links

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