The county never played a major part as a feudal entity. Geneva and its environs were retained, but the approaches to the western end of Lake Geneva, which had made the position strategic, were soon lost. The bishop of Geneva made himself an independent force, and the counts of Savoy encircled the territory and controlled the trade routes. The counts' stronghold and capital was Annecy.
At a moment when the male line of the counts was near exhaustion, Robert de Genève was raised to a shadow papacy by the French cardinals who seceded from the College of Cardinals and wished to rescind their part in the election of the irascible Urban VI; elected 20 September 1378, Robert took the title of Clement VII. Unexpectedly, with the death of his brother, he succeeded as count in 1392. As count, Robert was virtually dependent on the cooperative graces of the count of Savoy. With his death, the House of Geneva was extinguished and the title passed to the husband of the heiress, Humbert VII of Thoire and Villars (died 1400). The year after Humbert's death, his heir sold the comté to Amadeus, count of Savoy. Though other members of the Genevan house protested, Amadeus successfully completed the integration of the county with his territories, which were raised to a duchy by Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor. The title count of Geneva passed securely into the House of Savoy, where the title is maintained as a courtesy title.