Rio Branco (lit. White River) is the biggest city and the capital of the Brazilian state of Acre. The city of Rio Branco has gone by a number of names throughout its history. It originated when the seringalista Neutel Maia arrived with his family and workers in the region of Acre in end of 1882 in order to produce rubber. It established its first seringal at the right edge of the Rio Acre, initiating there the constructions of large cabins and tents, giving the name of Seringal Volta da Empresa. After that, Maia opened another seringal at the left edge of the Rio Acre, where today sits the Palace of the Government of the Acre, with the name of Seringal Empresa. Rio Branco has a strategic location, about 2 hours from Manaus by air and has borders with Peru and is the only Brazilian city (State) close to the important Peruvian touristic centers of Cuzco, Pucallpa and Puerto Maldonado.
The Rio Branco International Airport connects Rio Branco with many Brazilian cities and also operates some international flights.
The city is home to the Federal University of Acre.
Acre has a territory covered mostly by jungle of the Amazon Rainforest. The state is a well-known producer and exporter of rubber. The Acre River runs along the southern boundary of the state, forming the border with Bolivia.
The per capita income for the city was R$ 7,756 (2005).
Rio Branco International Airport is located in a rural zone of the municipality of Rio Branco, in the state of Acre. It was opened on November 2, 1999 with a unique characteristic: it moved 22 kilometers from the previous airport site into a site northwest of the city.
Rio Branco Airport serves domestic and international flights (by scheduled carriers and air taxi firms) along with general and military aviation.
The terminal can receive 270 thousand passengers a year and serves an average of 14 daily operations.
Rio Branco provides visitors and residents with various sport activities.