Rietveld, Gerrit Thomas

Rietveld, Gerrit Thomas

Rietveld, Gerrit Thomas, 1888-1965, Dutch architect and furniture designer. At first a cabinetmaker, Rietveld created (c.1917) a chair that was an important contribution to modern furniture design. Moving away from the established heavy, closed furniture style, he emphasized a dematerialized effect. From 1919 to 1931 he was a member of the Stijl movement, during which time he turned to architecture. His best-known building is the Schröder House, Utrecht (1924), in which he created an impression of weightlessness and equilibrium that are clearly related to Mondrian's painting style.

See studies by T. Brown (1958) and A. Buffinga (tr. 1971).

(born June 24, 1888, Utrecht, Neth.—died June 25, 1964, Utrecht) Dutch architect and furniture designer. He was an apprentice in his father's cabinetmaking business (1899–1906) and later studied architecture in Utrecht. In 1918 he created his famous red-and-blue armchair, which, with its emphasis on geometry and use of primary colours, became a symbol of De Stijl. His masterpiece is the Schroeder House in Utrecht (1924), remarkable for its interplay of right-angle forms, planes, and lines, and for its use of primary colours.

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