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Muti, Riccardo, 1941-, Italian conductor. Principal conductor of the Maggio Musicale (1969-81) in Florence and of the Philharmonia Orchestra (1973-82) in London, he became (1977) principal guest conductor of the Philadelphia Orchestra and succeeded (1980) Eugene Ormandy as its musical director, a position he held until 1992. He served as music director of La Scala in Milan from 1986 until 2005. In 2008 the Chicago Symphony announced that he would become its music director in 2010.
Giacconi, Riccardo, 1931-, Italian-American astrophysicist, b. Milan, Italy, Ph.D. Univ. of Milan 1954. He was a researcher at American Science and Engineering Corporation (1959-73), professor at Harvard (1973-81), director of the Space Telescope Science Institute, Johns Hopkins (1981-92), director general of the European Southern Observatory in Germany (1992-99), and president of Associated Universities, Inc. (1999-2004). In 2004, he was appointed professor at Johns Hopkins. Giacconi was co-recipient, with Masatoshi Koshiba and Raymond Davis, of the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics for pioneering contributions to astrophysics. Giacconi discovered X-ray sources outside the solar system, including background X-radiation and black holes; his discoveres and work on instruments that identified those discoveries laid the foundations for the field of X-ray astronomy.
Riccardo is a male given name, Italian version of Richard.

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