- For the moth genus, see Rhosus (moth).
Rhosus is the name of several ancient sites and/or present Roman Catholic titular sees in what is now Turkey.
A titular bishopric
in the former Roman province
of Cilicia Secunda
. Rhosus or Rhossus
was a seaport situated on the Gulf of Issus, later Alexandretta
, southwest of Alexandria (modern Iskenderoun
or Alexandretta). It is mentioned by Strabo
, Pliny the Elder
who (mis?)places it in Syria and Stephanus Byzantius
; later by Hierocles
'', and George of Cyprus
, who locate it in Cilicia Secunda.
Towards 200 AD, Serapion of Antioch
composed a treatise on the Gospel of Peter
for the faithful of Rhosus who had become heterodox on account of that book. Theodoret
, who places it in Cilicia
, relates the history of the hermit Theodosius of Antioch
, founder of a monastery in the mountain near Rhosus, who was forced by the inroads of barbarians to retire to Antioch, where he died and was succeeded by his disciple Romanus, a native of Rhosus; these two religious are honoured by the Greek Church on 5 and 9 February.
Six bishops of Rhosus are known:
The see is mentioned among the suffragans of Anazarba in Notitiæ episcopatuum of the Patriarchate of Antioch, of the sixth century and one dating from about 840. In another of the tenth century Rhosus is included among the exempt sees.
In the twelfth century the town and neighbouring fortress fell into the hands of the Armenians. In 1268 this castle was captured from the Templars by Sultan Bibars. Rhosus is near the village of Arsous in the former Ottoman vilayet of Adana.
Sources and references