Rhenish Hesse (Rheinhessen) refers to the part of the former Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt located west of the Rhine river and now part of Rhineland-Palatinate. It is a hilly countryside largely devoted to vineyards, therefore it is also called the "land of the thousand hills." Its larger towns include: Mainz, Worms, Bingen, Alzey, Nieder-Olm and Ingelheim. Many inhabitants commute to work in Mainz, Wiesbaden, or Frankfurt.
Rheinhessen is the largest of 13 regions producing German wine. Outside Germany, it is best known as the home of Liebfraumilch. Most is made from white varieties such as Müller-Thurgau, Silvaner, Riesling, Kerner or Scheurebe. The best-known white wine area is the so-called Rhine Terrace near Oppenheim and Nierstein. Some red varieties are grown, particularly around Ingelheim, including Blauer Portugieser, Dornfelder, and the newly developed Regent.