Rheged [Welsh IPA: r̥ɛgɛd] was a Brythonic kingdom of Sub-Roman Britain, whose inhabitants spoke Cumbric, a dialect of Brythonic closely related to Old Welsh. It was situated in what is now north-western England, possibly extending into south-western Scotland. This was the homeland of the warrior monarch, Urien (in Latin, Urbgenius), as recorded in early Welsh poetry.
Place-name evidence from Dunragit (possibly 'Fort of Rheged') suggests that, at least during one period of its history, Rheged extended into Dumfries and Galloway. More problematic interpretations suggest that it could also have reached as far south as Rochdale in Greater Manchester, recorded in the Domesday Book as Recedham. Urien's kingdom certainly stretched a long way eastward at one time, he was also 'Ruler of Catraeth' - Catterick in North Yorkshire.
Searching for Llywarch's kingdom has led some historians to suggest that, as was common in later Brythonic kingdoms, Rheged may well have been divided between sons into North and South. A southern kingdom based on Ribchester in Lancashire would neatly fill a gap where no sub-Roman kingdom is otherwise known. However appealing, this is pure speculation.
After Bernicia united with Deira to become the kingdom of Northumbria, Rheged was annexed by Northumbria, at some time before AD 730. There was a royal marriage between Prince (later King) Oswiu of Northumbria and a Rhegedian princess, probably in 638, so it is possible that it was a peaceful takeover by the same man inheriting both kingdoms.
After Rheged was incorporated into Northumbria, the old Cumbric language was gradually replaced by Old English, with Cumbric surviving only among remote upland communities. The name of the Cymry has, however, survived in the name of Cumberland and now Cumbria.
To commemorate the 30th anniversary of the first ascent of the Southwest Face of Mount Everest, five veterans of the team--Sir Chris Bonington, Charles Clarke, Paul Braithwaite, Doug Scott and Pertemba Sherpa--will be presenting illustrated talks at the RGS-IBG in London (compered by Stephen Venables) and the National Mountaineering Exhibition at Rheged, near Penrith.(UK)(Brief Article)
Aug 01, 2005; To commemorate the 30th anniversary of the first ascent of the Southwest Face of Mount Everest, five veterans of the team Sir...