Definitions

Respighi

Respighi

[re-spee-gee]
Respighi, Ottorino, 1879-1936, Italian composer, studied with Rimsky-Korsakov and Max Bruch. He was director (1924-25) of the Conservatory of St. Cecilia, Rome, afterward teaching advanced composition there until his death. Among his romantic symphonic poems are The Fountains of Rome (1917), The Pines of Rome (1924), and Roman Festivals (1929), which evoke Italian scenes and show him a master of orchestration. He wrote other orchestral works, chamber music, piano pieces, and operas, including Belfagor (1923; a comic opera), The Sunken Bell (1927; based on Hauptmann's Die versunkene Glocke), The Flame (1934), and the posthumously produced Lucrezia (1937), which was finished by his wife, Elsa.

See biography by E. Respighi (tr. 1962).

(born July 9, 1879, Bologna, Italy—died April 18, 1936, Rome) Italian composer. After musical studies in Bologna (1891–1901), he played viola in a Russian orchestra and studied with Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov, from whom he learned much about orchestration. His best-known works are the colourful tone poems The Fountains of Rome (1916) and The Pines of Rome (1924). Interested in early music, he also produced works such as Gli uccelli (1927), based on works by Jean-Philippe Rameau, and La Boutique fantasque, based on works by Gioacchino Rossini.

Learn more about Respighi, Ottorino with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born July 9, 1879, Bologna, Italy—died April 18, 1936, Rome) Italian composer. After musical studies in Bologna (1891–1901), he played viola in a Russian orchestra and studied with Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov, from whom he learned much about orchestration. His best-known works are the colourful tone poems The Fountains of Rome (1916) and The Pines of Rome (1924). Interested in early music, he also produced works such as Gli uccelli (1927), based on works by Jean-Philippe Rameau, and La Boutique fantasque, based on works by Gioacchino Rossini.

Learn more about Respighi, Ottorino with a free trial on Britannica.com.

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