rehabilitation

rehabilitation

[ree-huh-bil-i-teyt, ree-uh-]
rehabilitation: see physical therapy.
or physiatry or physical therapy or rehabilitation medicine

Medical specialty treating chronic disabilities through physical means to help patients return to a comfortable, productive life despite a medical problem. Its objectives are pain relief, functional improvement or maintenance, training in essential activities, and functional testing of areas such as strength, mobility, breathing capacity, and coordination. Physical medicine may use diathermy, hydrotherapy, massage, exercise, and functional training. The last can mean learning to work with a guide dog or a prosthesis or learning new ways to carry out everyday activities with a limb missing, sometimes by using assistive devices. Physician specialists head rehabilitation teams including a physical therapist, rehabilitation engineer, rehabilitation nurse, psychological counselor, and sometimes a respiratory or speech therapist. Seealso occupational therapy; orthopedics.

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Administrative body (1943–47) for an extensive social-welfare program for war-ravaged nations. It distributed relief supplies and services, including shelter, food, and medicine, and helped with agricultural and economic rehabilitation. Its functions were later taken over by the International Refugee Organization, the World Health Organization, and UNICEF.

Learn more about United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Rehabilitation or Rehab may refer to:

  • Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims
  • Drug rehabilitation, for dependency on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and illicit drugs such as cocaine, heroin or amphetamines
  • Fire department rehab, a firefighting service providing firefighters with immediate medical attention on the fireground
  • Land rehabilitation, the process of restoring land after some process (business, industry, natural disaster etc.) has damaged it
  • Occupational therapy, therapy aimed at giving people "skills for the job of living"
  • Neurocognitive Rehabilitation, a rehabilitation methodology utilized for cognitive and/or motricity diseases.
  • Physical therapy, treatment aimed at the attainment or recovery of optimal neuromusculoskeletal function
  • Physical medicine and rehabilitation, a branch of medicine dealing with restoration of function despite physical disability.Development of a person to its fullest physical, psychological, social, vocational, and educational potential consistent with his physiological or anatomical impairment
  • Political rehabilitation, the process by which politicians or political party members who have fallen into disgrace are restored to public life
  • Religious rehabilitation, which can follow excommunication if the faith's member demonstrates repentance
  • Psychiatric rehabilitation, a branch of psychiatry dealing with restoration of mental health and life skills after mental illness
  • Rehabilitation engineering, the application of engineering sciences to design, develop, adapt, test, evaluate, apply, and distribute technological solutions to problems confronted by individuals with disabilities
  • Rehabilitation (neuropsychology), therapy aimed at improving neurologic function that has been lost or diminished by disease or traumatic injury
  • Rehabilitation (penology), the rehabilitation of criminal behavior
  • Rehabilitation (Soviet), a "false friend" often used to translate the Russian word "reabilitatsiya" as applied, e.g. to victims of Soviet repressions. The actual meaning is "exoneration" or "exculpation"
  • Stroke rehabilitation, the process of recovering from a stroke
  • Telerehabilitation, the delivery of rehabilitation services over telecommunication networks and the internet
  • Vocational Rehabilitation, The continous and coordinated process of rehabilitation which involves the provision of vocational guidance, vocational training and selective placement, designed to enable a person with a disability to secure and retain suitable employment
  • Wildlife rehabilitation, treatment of injured wildlife with the purpose of preparing it to return to the wild

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