See her autobiographical Victorian Village (1929) and The York Road (1931).
(born April 27, 1791, Charlestown, Mass., U.S.—died April 2, 1872, New York, N.Y.) U.S. painter and inventor. The son of a distinguished geographer, he attended Yale University and studied painting in England (1811–15). He returned home to work as an itinerant painter; his portraits still rank among the finest produced in the U.S. He cofounded the National Academy of Design and served as its first president (1826–45). Independent of similar efforts in Europe, he developed an electric telegraph (1832–35), believing his to be the first. He developed the system of dots and dashes that became known internationally as Morse code (1838). Though denied support from Congress for a transatlantic telegraph line, he received congressional support for the first U.S. telegraph line, from Baltimore to Washington; on its completion in 1844 he sent the message “What hath God wrought!” His patents brought him fame and wealth.
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There were 591 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the village the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $40,469, and the median income for a family was $50,556. Males had a median income of $40,938 versus $25,250 for females. The per capita income for the village was $22,498. About 3.2% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.