Clodoveo Carrión Mora
(1883–1957) was a paleontologist and naturalist who is regarded as the most prolific and erudite natural scientist of Ecuador of the 20th century.
Clodoveo Carrión was born in Loja, Ecuador
as the second son of Manuel Alejandro Carrión Riofrío (Poet) and Filomena Mora Bermeo. Among his brothers are Hector Manuel (Poet), José Miguel (lawyer, sociologist, senator, rector of the Universidad Nacional de Loja) and Benjamín Carrión
Clodoveo attended a catholic primary school La Salle and then a secular high school Colegio Bernardo Valdivieso. As a young man he recognised that he had no aptitude for the letters ---something rare in his family--- but rather for the natural sciences. In order to pursue his scientific education, Clodoveo traveled to Europe. He studied at the University of London and at the University of Manchester obtaining the title of Industrial Engineer. During his 10-year stay in Europe he also carried out many studies in Spain and France. He never married and was a very reserved person. Having been born into an affluent family of intellectuals and liberals certainly contributed to achieving his plans.
Back from Europe
Upon returning from Europe, he became Professor of Natural Sciences at the Colegio Bernardo Valdivieso
until his retirement. In 1924 he presented some of his findings to the Panamerican Scientific Congress in Lima
, for which he was widely praised. He kept a longtime correspondence and working relationship with distinguished scientists of several renowned international institutions, e.g. with the American paleontologist
Dr. Edward W. Berry
of the Johns Hopkins University
; with the British geologist Mr. Errof I. White
of the British Museum
; with Dr. Orestes Cendrero
of the Instituto General y Técnico de Santander
, and Dr. Waldo L. Schmitt
of the American Museum of Natural History
. For all his teaching and scientific achievements he obtained the degree of Doctor Honoris causa
from the Universidad Nacional de Loja
Carrión was very active in Paleontology
, fields in which he discovered many species and one genus. His main discoveries were:
- Plants: Elaphoglossum carrioni, Melochia carrioni, and Caussapea carrioni.
- Other paleo-species that he classified belonged to the following groups: Spotfungi , Bryophyta, Petriodophyta, Monocotyledonae, Dicotyledonae, Urticales, Santales, Chenopodrales, Ranales, Rosales, Geraniales, Sapindales, Rivimnales, Malvales, Laurales, Myrtales, Ebenales, Gentianales, Rubiales.
These findings were thoroughly described by White (1927) and Berry (1929). Such transcendental discoveries were crucial to understanding the last phase of the geological evolution of the Andes by correlating several sedimentary basins in the American Continent.
In Zoology his main findings were:
- Fish: Carrionellus diomortus and Lipopterichthys carrioni.
- Reptiles: Atractus carrioni, Botrops lojana, Stenocercus carrioni Parker, 1934.
- Arthropods: Triatoma carrioni (usually called in Spanish chinche de caballo); which is the vector of the Chagas Disease in Southern Ecuador. This finding was documented by F. Larrousse (1926).
- Frogs: Eleuterodactilus carrioni, Hila carrioni, Gastrotheca marsupiata lojana. The latter is a frog with the peculiarity that during reproduction she incubates her eggs in a special bag that is carried on her back. His findings were thoroughly reported by Parker (1930, 1932, 1934, 1938).
- Coleoptera: many beetles belonging to the families Cerambycidae, Scarabaeidae, Meloidae, Elateridae, and Tenebrionidae.
- Berry, E. W., 1929. Contribution to the Paleontology of Colombia, Ecuador and Perú. The Johns Hopkins University Studies in Geology 10, 83.
- Carrión, C., 1930. El chirimoyo - anona chrimolia -. Revista del Colegio Bernardo Valdivieso (Loja) IV(5), 313-316.
- Carrión, C., 1934. Contribución a la Paleontología. Revista Universitaria (Loja) II(2-3), 150-161.
- Carrión, C., 1935a. Breves consideraciones sobre la Paleontología de la Provincia de Loja. Revista del Colegio Bernardo Valdivieso (Loja) 1(1), 313-316.
- Carrión, C., 1935b. Estudios cientíificos: insectos fósiles en la Hoya de Loja. Revista Mediodía, CCE (Loja) 11, 1-14.
- Larrousse, F., 1926. Description de deux espéces nouvelles du genre triatoma: T.carrioni n.sp., et t.pintoi n.sp. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparé 4(2), 136-139, Faculté de Médecine.
- Norman, J. R. 1935. Description of a new loricariid catfish from Ecuador. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (Ser. 10) 627-629.
- Parker, H. W., 1938. The vertical distribution of some reptiles and amphibians in Southern Ecuador. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 2(11), 438-450.
- Parker, H. W., 1930. Two new reptiles from Southern Ecuador. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 5(10), 568-571.
- Parker, H. W., 1932. Some new and rare reptiles and amphibians from Southern Ecuador. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 9(10), 21-26.
- Parker, H. W., 1934. Reptiles and amphibians from Southern Ecuador. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 14(10), 264-273.
- White, E. I., 1927. ? Carrionellus diomortus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 20(9), 519.