Rambouillet, Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de

Rambouillet, Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de

Rambouillet, Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de, 1588-1665, famous Frenchwoman, whose salon exercised a profound influence on French literature. She retired from court life in 1608 and began to receive at her house the intellectuals of Paris. Her literary salon was the first of the kind, and her example was soon imitated throughout France and spread to the rest of the world. The height of her influence was between 1620 and 1645. Her circle included Mme de Sévigné, Mme de La Fayette, Mlle de Scudéry, the duchesse de Longueville, the duchesse de Montpensier, Jean Louis Guez de Balzac, Corneille, Richelieu, Malherbe, Racan, Voiture, Bossuet, Chapelain, Scarron, Vaugelas, and La Rochefoucauld. The conversation and literary criticism of the Hôtel de Rambouillet, as her house was called, aimed solely at refinement and good taste, although the marquise liked to indulge in practical jokes on her guests. The name précieux (fem. précieuse) adopted by the members of her circle lacked at that time its derogatory connotation, but the preciosity made fashionable by her salon soon deteriorated into extravagance and was much ridiculed by Molière. The oldest daughter of the marquise de Rambouillet was Julie d'Angennes (later duchesse de Montausier), to whom the members of the circle addressed the cycle of verses Guirlande à Julie. A younger daughter, Angélique, was the first wife of the marquis de Grignan.
Catherine-de-Barnes (known to locals as Catney) is a village within the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull in the English county of West Midlands. It is split between the unparished area of Solihull and the Hampton-in-Arden parish, situated about 2 miles east of Solihull town centre.

Its name comes from Ketelberne, the man who owned it after the Norman Conquest. However, it is mainly a later settlement, probably dating from the building of the Grand Union Canal there.

Behind the village's only pub, The Boat Inn, lies the home of Catherine-de-Barnes Cricket Club (more commonly known as Catney) which has been in existence since 1949. The ground is accessed via the narrow passageway between the pub and the adjacent bungalows, and has plenty of parking space.

Catney currently have first and second XIs in the 'John Shepherd Cotswold Hills League'.

In 1907, a "fever hospital" was built in Henwood Lane as a joint operation of the Solihull and Meriden Councils for isolating patients with infectious diseases such as diphtheria, typhoid fever and smallpox. In 1978, Janet Parker died here, as the last known victim of smallpox.

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