Rafi (רפ"י, an acronym for Reshimat Poalei Yisrael (רשימת פועלי ישראל), lit. Israeli Workers List) was a left-wing political party in Israel, founded by former Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion in 1965. In 1968 it was one of three parties which merged to form the Israeli Labor Party.
The party ran for the 1965 elections on a platform of changing the electoral systems. Although Ben-Gurion hoped to displace the Labour Alignment as the leading left-wing party in the Knesset, Rafi won only 10 seats. They were not included in Levi Eshkol's coalition government until the formation of a government of national unity during the Six-Day War.
On 23 January 1968 the party merged with Ahdut HaAvoda and Mapai to form the Israeli Labor Party and ceased to exist as an independent entity. However, Ben-Gurion could not reconcile himself to the merger with his foes, and broke away from the party to sit as an independent MK for the rest of the Knesset session. Prior to the 1969 elections, he founded another new party, the National List. However, after Ben-Gurion retired from politics in 1970 it fell apart, eventually merging with the Free Centre and Gahal (led by Ben-Gurion's arch-rival Menachem Begin) to form Likud.
|Yosef Almogi, David Ben-Gurion, Gideon Ben-Israel, Moshe Dayan, Amos Degani, Hannah Lamdan, Shimon Peres, Yizhar Smilansky|
|Yosef Almogi, David Ben-Gurion, Mordechai Ben-Porat, Moshe Dayan, Mathilda Guez, Yitzhak Navon, Shimon Peres, Yizhar Smilansky (replaced by Amos Degani), Mordechai Surkis, Tzvi Tzur (replaced by Aryeh Bahir)|