Raffaello de Banfield
, correctly Raphael Douglas, Baron von Banfield Tripcovich (2 June 1922
– 7 January 2008
) was a British
Raffaello de Banfield was the son of Austro-Hungarian flying ace Gottfried von Banfield
(last Knight of the Military Order of Maria Theresa
) and the Countess Maria Tripcovich (originating from Trieste), who acquired a permanent residence in England in 1920. He was born in Newcastle-upon-Tyne
He was married to Maria delle Grazie (dei Conti) Brandolini d'Adda (b. 1923) on 27 December 1986. The marriage remained childless; Brandolini d'Adda had three children from her first marriage to Count Leonardo Arrivabene Valenti Gonzaga.
Raffaello de Banfield attended the Swiss International "Lyceum Alpinum Zuoz", the "Dante Alighieri" Lyceum in Trieste
, the University of Bologna
and the Benedetto Marcello Conservatory in Venice
led by Gian Francesco Malipiero
. He studied Composition from 1946 to 1949 at the National Conservatory (under the direction of Henri Busser
) with Nadia Boulanger
. In these years he met Herbert von Karajan
, with whom he had a lifelong friendship, and also with artists such as Pablo Picasso
, Jean Cocteau
and Francis Poulenc
. In the United States
he belonged to the intellectual circle surrounding the writer and composer Paul Bowles
, through which he met Tennessee Williams
and Leonard Bernstein
. In 1949 through the painter Leonor Fini
he was introduced to the choreographer and ballet dancer Roland Petit
; out of this grew the ballet Le combat
("The Duel"), which had its first original production in London in 1949. This piece, based upon the Tancred and Clorinda episode in Torquato Tasso
's poem Gerusalemme liberata
, was performed 39 times at the Vienna State Opera
in the choreography of Dimitrije Parlic
between 1959 and 1973. Until 1958 he spent time between Paris and New York, and maintained a friendship also with Maria Callas
. After years abroad in Italy, France
and the United States, where he lived for more than ten years, he was from 1972 to 1996 Director of the Giuseppe Verdi Theatre in Trieste, and he comprehensively renovated and modernised the Opera House. From 1978 to 1986 he was Director of the "Festival dei due mondi" ("Festival of the two worlds") in Spoleto
He became famous for his compositions, which were performed worldwide. He received countless honours and recognitions, such as the Italian "Grand Ufficiale"; in 1994, through François Mitterrand, he became a Grand Cavalier of the Légion d'Honneur. He died in Rive d'Arcano near Trieste, Italy.
- Le combat, Ballet, Original production 1949 in London.
- Theatre Music for 'Much Ado About Nothing, 1953.
- Una lettera d'amore di Lord Byron ("Lord Byron's Love Letter", by Tennessee Williams), Original production 1955 in New Orleans with Astrid Varnay.
- Quatuor, ballet (1957)
- Acostino, ballet based on a story by Alberto Moravia, Original production 1958 in Genoa.
- Colloquio col Tango ossìa La Formica ("Conversation with the Tango or The Ant" by C. Terron), Opera in One Act. Original production September 1959 in Como
- Alissa, Opera in One Act with Four Scenes. Libretto by R. Miller. Original production March 1965 in Geneva
- Serale, (after poem of Rainer Maria Rilke), lyric work for soprano and large orchestra, 1968.
- Liebeslied, (after poem of Rilke), lyric work for soprano and large orchestra, 1968.
- Der Tod der Geliebten (The death of the beloved), (after poem of Rilke), lyric work for soprano and large orchestra, 1972.
- Der Sturm (The storm) (after poem of Rilke), lyric work for soprano and large orchestra, 1972.
- For Ophelia, concert piece for soprano and orchestra, Original production c1976 in London (Kiri te Kanawa, John Pritchard).
- Vier Rilke Lieder (Four songs of Rilke) for soprano and orchestra, original presentation 1986 in Brussels.
- Richard Osborne, Herbert von Karajan. A Life in Music (Chatto & Windus, London 1998). (Many refs, and photo Pl. 19).
- Biography of Raffaello de Banfield (Italian)
- Report of demise (Italian, Il Piccolo)
- Biography (English)
- "Composer Raffello de Banfield is dead" (Wiener Zeitung)
- NY Times: "Opera 'Lord Byron' and 'Renard' at Festival", 26 May 1986