: Радоје Домановић) (February 4
- August 4
) was a Serbian writer and teacher, most famous for his satirical short stories. He criticized the Serbian monarchy in his works, for which he was continuously punished.
Domanović was born in a village Ovsište which is located near Kragujevac. He attended a gymnasium
. Some of his teachers were Pera Đorđević and Sreten Stojković, followers of Svetozar Marković
, who were arrested for an attempt to take control of the local government and displaying a red flag
. From 1890 to 1894, Domanović studied at the history and philology department of the Great School
. He read some of his first works to the members of a student organization Pobratimstvo
In 1893, he published his first work, a short story "Na mesečini" ("In the Moonlight"), in a magazine Javor.
Two years later, he got his first post as a lecturer in a gymnasium in Pirot. There he met Jaša Prodanović, who was transferred to that school as a punishment. At that time, Domanović joined Republikanska stranka (The Republican Party), and got married to Natalija Ristić.
After nine months, he was transferred, as a punishment on request of his political rivals, to a gymnasium in Vranje. On the same count, after a year in Vranje, he was transferred to Leskovac.
Following a critical speech on the position of teachers in 1898, he was dismissed from his post, along with his wife. As a response, he wrote a short story "Ukidanje strasti" ("Abolishing Passion").
In 1899, he published two collections of short stories and his famous story "Danga" first appeared. The following year, he got a post as a clerk in the State's Archive. In 1902, after he published "Stradija", he was again dismissed from his post. He started writing editorials for magazine Odjek.
After a coup in 1903, Domanović returned to his post, and soon got a stipend to work on his stories. It was rumoured that the coup saved his life, since he was on a list for liquidation of the old government. In 1904, he started a magazine "Stradija", that had 35 editions. The following year, he was appointed to the State press. He died in 1908of tuberculosis]survived by his wife and two children Zoran and Danica.
Domanović lived for only 35 years and did not publish much work. Some of his more famous stories are:
- "Danga" is a story about the author's dream of visiting an imaginary country where all people blindly follow their leaders. After all of the citizens were branded on the forehead, without complaints, the story culminates when the narrator proclaims that he, as a Serb, is much braver then anybody and requests to be branded ten times.
- "Ukidanje strasti" ("Abolishing Passion") is a satirical fiction about a legislation that outlawed passion, after which people stopped doing things like smoking, drinking, or taking political participation.
- "Razmišljanje jednog običnog srpskog vola" ("Reasoning of an Ordinary Serbian Ox"), criticizes Serbian misuse of their history and tradition.
- "Kraljević Marko po drugi put među Srbima" ("Marko Kraljević Among Serbs For the Second Time"), is a story of a return of an epic Serbian hero.
- "Mrtvo more" ("Dead Sea") is a story about resistance of masses against any kind of progress.
- "Vođa" ("The Leader") is a story about people who chose a person they never saw before to lead them to a better place. After suffering through a long trip, they realized that their leader was blind.