Straßburg is a town in the district of Sankt Veit an der Glan in Carinthia, Austria.
The municipality lies in Northern Carinthia in the Gurk Valley
among the Nock Mountains
and the Gurk
Straßburg is divided into the following boroughs: St. Georgen, Straßburg-Land, and Straßburg-Stadt.
It is further divided into the districts of Bachl, Buldorf, Dörfl, Dielach, Dobersberg, Drahtzug, Edling, Gassarest, Glabötsch, Gruschitz, Gundersdorf, Höllein, Hackl, Hausdorf, Herd, Hohenfeld, Kraßnitz, Kreuth, Kreuzen, Kulmitzen, Langwiesen, Lees, Lieding, Machuli, Mannsdorf, Mellach, Mitterdorf, Moschitz, Olschnögg, Olschnitz, Olschnitz-Lind, Pöckstein-Zwischenwässern, Pölling, Pabenberg, Ratschach, Sankt Georgen, Sankt Jakob, Sankt Johann, Sankt Magdalen, Sankt Peter, Schattseite, Schmaritzen, Schneßnitz, Straßburg-Stadt.
Straßburg was first mentioned in 864, when King Louis the German
gave the Archdiocese of Salzburg
a seat there. The Straßburg Fortress was erected in 1147 under the fourth Bishop of Gurk
Roman I. In the 15th century, it was expanded into a castle and it served as the seat of Prince-Bishops
of Gurk until the 18th century. As the bishop's seat, Straßburg was the most important town in the Gurk Valley and was thus elevated to a market town
in 1229 and to a city in 1382. It received its city rights
in 1402 from Prince-Bishop Conrad III von Helfenberg. The seat of the Gurk Bishops was moved in the 18th century to the nearby Pöckstein Castle
in Zwischenwässern and then later to Klagenfurt
, so the city lost its importance. The castle received extensive damage from the 1767 earthquake
and was not rebuilt until the late 20th century.
According to the 2001 Census, Straßburg has 2,335 inhabitants. Of these, 90.8% said they were Catholic
, 1.0% Protestant
, and 2.2% Moslem
. 3.3% of the population did not declare a belief.
The Straßburg Municipal Council has 19 seats and the following party mandates:
Mayor Ferdinand Wachernig's (FPÖ) greatest competition is Councilman Hubert PUTZ.
Culture and Landmarks