The Racha earthquake
occurred in the province of Racha
, Republic of Georgia
on April 29
. Centered on the districts of Oni
on the southern foothills of the Greater Caucasus
mountains, it killed 270, left approximately 60,000 homeless and caused mass destruction, including several medieval monuments.
A maximum intensity of 9 on the MSK scale was observed. The mainshock was followed by a complex aftershock extended over several months that caused further damage and casualties.