Rabbit breeds are notably different varieties of domestic rabbit created through selective breeding or natural selection. Breeds recognized by organizations such as the American Rabbit Breeders' Association (ARBA) may be exhibited and judged in rabbit shows. Breeders attempt to emulate the breed standard by which each breed is judged
This breed listing is compiled by using the American names provided in the ARBA guide book, Raising Better Rabbits & Cavies. Some non-ARBA accepted commercial or foreign breeds are also listed using their most common name .
|Table of contents|
|American • American fuzzy lop • American sable • Angora • Argente • Beveren • Blue of Sint-Niklaas • Blue of Ham • Blanc de Bouscat • Blanc de Hotot • Brazilian • British Giant • Britannia Petite • Californian • Checkered Giant • Chinchilla • Cinnamon • Dutch • Dwarf Hotot • Enderby Island Rabbit • English Spot • Flemish Giant • Florida White • German Grey • Havana • Himalayan • Jersey Wooly • Lilac • Lionhead • Lops • Mini rex • Mini Satin • Netherland Dwarf • New Zealand • Polish rabbit • Rex • Rhinelander • Satin • Siberian • Silver • Silver Marten • Silver Fox • Smoke Pearl • Sussex • Swiss Fox • Tan • Thrianta • Thüringer • Vienna|
|See also References|
American Fuzzy Lops were derived on the West Coast United States from the breeding between two Holland Lops each carrying the recessive wool gene. These small lop-eared rabbits have thick wool on their bodies like that of an Angora. The breed is relatively new, having been recognized by the ARBA in 1988.
The Checkered Giant, a large, very active, Black or Blue spotted rabbit, were first recognized as a breed in Germany. Among its ancestors were the Flemish Giant and purportedly a breed known as the Checkered Lop, a spotted lop. Other spotted breeds or white breeds may have been used. The breed was imported to America in 1910 and has since been developed into a type distinct from European Checkered Giants.
The American Chinchilla, originally called "Heavyweight Chinchilla Rabbit", is larger than the Standard Chinchilla but otherwise identical. Standard Chinchillas bred for large size produced this breed. Chinchilla Rabbits originated in France and were bred to standard by M. J. Dybowski. They were introduced to the United States in 1919.
These stocky rabbits have a slight curve to their medium length bodies, beginning at the nape of their necks and following through to the rump. They carry their ears straight erect. In show, type is judged to be more important than color. American Chinchilla Rabbits will be disqualified in show for having a body type that resembles a Flemish Giant Rabbit. Junior and intermediate American Chinchilla Rabbits may be shown in age classifications higher than their own if they are overweight. Bucks and does under six months and nine pounds are considered juniors. Intermediate American Chinchilla Rabbits are bucks and does six to eight months of age. Bucks weigh less than eleven pounds and does less than twelve. Senior bucks and does are over eight months of age and bucks weigh between nine and 11 pounds. Doe American Chinchilla Rabbits weigh between ten and 12 pounds.
American Chinchilla Rabbits are good breeders, with an average litter of 7-10 babies.
This breed originated in France and was first introduced after the First World War. The coat color is distinctive: the undercolour of the fur should be slate blue at the base, the middle portion pearl grey, merging into white and tipped with black--much like the chinchilla, the fur-producing rodent after which this breed is named.
The Giant Chinchilla is a result of crosses between Chinchilla breeds and Flemish Giants; it originates in the United States. This breed is used primarily as a commercial meat rabbit. Other chinchillas include the Standard and the American Chinchillas.
The Giant Chinchilla Rabbit Association is the National Specialty Club chartered by ARBA sponsoring the American Giant Chinchilla Rabbit.
Cinnamon Rabbit Breeders Association http://www.crbaonline.com/
This old breed was first bred in the Netherlands and brought to England in 1864; it is still very popular today. The markings consist of a white wedge down the face (the blaze), round colored circles around the eyes and extending to the whisker bed (the cheek marking), white on the ends of the hind feet (the stops),a thin white line between the ears (the hairline), a wedge-shaped white marking on the back of the neck (the neck marking), the contrast line dividing the colored section of the body from the white portion (the top part is called the saddle, and the line extending under the belly is called the undercut). Dutch rabbits are judged with the markings accounting for 50% of the total score, and the body type, fur, color and condition making up the other half. As the markings are a pure genetic trait, Dutch patterns can also appear in other breeds of rabbit. Dutch rabbits do well in the sport of rabbit hopping. They also make excellent pet and show rabbits.
As the name implies, the Dwarf Hotot should be small and compact, a stocky, docile little rabbit much like the Netherland Dwarf. The head itself is round, with a broad skull. There should be no visible neck. Eyes are round, bold and bright. Ears should be short, well furred, and of good substance. Ears should balance with the head and body. The body should be uniformly wide from shoulders to hips, with well rounded hindquarters. The topline should have very slight gradual curve from the ear base to the highest point over the hips, and fall in a smooth curve to the base of the tail. Maximum weight for the Dwarf Hotot is 3 lbs., ideal weight 2 1/2. Their fur should be soft, dense, fine with good luster. Fur is to roll back gently back into position when stroked. Color is to be uniform and of pure white over the entire body, except for eye bands. Eyes to be dark brown. Eyebands are to be narrow, well defined bands of black colored fur forming a complete outline of the eye. Color to be as intense and dark as possible. Ideal eyeband width is to be equal to the thickness of two pennies.
Two different German breeders created this breed almost simultaneously in the 1970s. In the early 1980s, the breed first entered the United States. These small rabbits are sweet and affectionate. They tend to be curious with playful personalities, and most are eager for attention.
After the ARBA National Convention in FT. Worth Texas, 2006 The Chocolate Variety became a fully recognized variety.They are very loving and great children's pets.
More information can be achieved by contacting the American Dwarf Hotot Rabbit Club.
The Enderby Island Rabbit, or Enderby Rabbit, is a rare breed derived from a small population of rabbits of uncertain origin isolated on a subantarctic island in New Zealand's Auckland Islands group for 130 years. It is silver-grey in colour, with a dark slate-blue undercoat, and dark, sometimes black, ears, nose and tail. A small proportion may be cream or beige in colour, due to a recessive gene. The original population on Enderby Island was exterminated in the 1990s, but not before 49 individuals were rescued by the Rare Breeds Conservation Society of New Zealand, which has subsequently bred them successfully.
The English Spot is an old breed suspected to have origins similar to that of the Checkered Giant, including Flemish Giants and some kind of spotted wild rabbit. English Spots have been bred in England since the 1880s, and the first English Spots imported to America were from England. This breed is mostly white, with a buttefly mark on the nose, colored ears, and eyecircles that usually have a little "fling" on the side but rarely have a perfect circle, and chains of colored spots along its sides including a herringbone stripe down it's back.It is also recognized in the show ring if it has symmetrical spots on each side. When litters are born they are 25% charlies,25% selfs and 50% marked. Charlies are spots with incomplete markings and selfs are one solid color but almost never pure white alsays lilac,black or any recognised colors. Marked is an English spot with complete markings. Breeders have to carefully breed the colors that won't make an unrecognised color.
The English Spot is a very active breed because of its high arch and needs at least 2 hours of running time each day. On the show table they are supposed to run on the table to demonstrate their full-arch type (this is true for all full-arch breeds except the Britannia Petite). English Spots make good pets because they are generally quite docile, but like most rabbits, they do have a few ‘mad March hare moments’! They will happily tolerate other pets included Guinea Pigs and familiarize themselves with domestic cats and dogs.
More recently, breeders in the UK have been able to cross the English Spot with smaller rabbit breeds. It has been quite a slow process, although the latest families of offspring are showing muted-grey markings of the English Spot including the spine stripe, eye patches, and nose patch. Currently, this ‘scaled down’ version of the Scottish Spot is not recognized by professional bodies, but is recognized amongst some breeders as the 'Mini English'. The Netherland Dwarf, however can be shown in the UK in any recognized colour for any breed so there are a few dedicated breeders who can be seen with English marked Netherland Dwarves.
Typically impressive in size, about , although it is not uncommon to find adult Flemish Giants weighing or more.
Today Flemish Giants are a popular breed to show and own as pets. Flemish Giants have a laid back and docile personality; they are often said to be more like dogs than rabbits.
Flemish Giants are also one of the oldest recognized domestic breeds in existence, and can be found all over the United States.
First bred in Germany by veteren breeder Karl Szmolinsky. The breed made worldwide news in 2006 when "Robert" won a prize as Germany’s largest rabbit. As a result, the North Korean Government has begun a breeding program to use these very large rabbits to feed the population. It is reported however, that the rabbits sent by Szmolinsky were eaten at a birthday banquet for Kim Jong-il.
In the Netherlands in 1898, the first Chocolate Havana appeared in a litter from a Dutch doe that was housed with other breeds. They gained recognition throughout Europe in the early 1900s, and they were accepted by the ARBA in 1916. In 1965, Blues were recognized, and the Black variety was recognized in 1980. The Broken variety was accepted in 2007 and became eligible to show in February 2008.
The Himalayan is an old breed long-known in Asian countries in the region of the Himalayan Mountains. It is more widely distributed throughout the world than any other rabbit breed, and has been known by more names, such as the Chinese, Russian, Egyptian, and the Black Nose. They are known for their gentle temperament, and make great pets for children and are also a good choice for a first-time rabbit owner - or anyone who wants a rabbit that is content to sit in their lap sometimes. Like a Himalayan cat, the Himalayan rabbit is white with dark points on the nose, ears, tail and feet. The breed also has a slender, cat like body, making it easy for young children to handle. The original variety had Black points, but later breeders created the Blue, Chocolate, and Lilac varieties. They are born all white, but their markings come in as they age. They are delicately built and always have pink eyes.
The Himalayan is the only breed classified as cylindrical - long bodied like a cylinder or tube. When shown, the judge judges this breed posed in a "stretched out" position.
The Holland lop is the smallest breed in the lop family. They should weigh about 2.5-4 lbs. Ideal weight is 3 lbs. They need to eat 1/2 cup of 16% protein rabbit pellets each day. The variety groups are: AGOUTI, BROKE, POINTED WHITE, SELF, SHADED, TICKED and WHITE BAND. The fur should be rollback, dense, fine, glossy, and about 1 inch in length. The holland lop.
Jersey Woolies weigh about 3 pounds. They have a bold head and short, well furred ears. They need brushing often with an ideal length of wool being 3". Their wool can be described as "easy care", which is because of the texture and density of the wool. Jersey Woolys have gentle temperaments and make suitable pets. They come in Agouti, AOV, Broken, Self, Shaded, and Tan Pattern groups.
Is one of the newest breed of domesticated rabbits. It has particularly long hair surrounding the face, reminiscent of the mane of a male lion, hence the name. Other characteristic traits of the lionhead include a rounded head and small size, usually between 2.5 and 4.0 pounds. It also tends to have slightly shorter ears than most breeds.
The Lionhead rabbit originated in Belgium. It is reported to have been produced by breeders trying to breed a long coated dwarf rabbit by crossing a miniature Swiss Fox and a Belgian dwarf. The Lionhead seemed to have been more popular than the long coated dwarf, and so breeders carried on this trend in breeding them intentionally, and so came what we know today as the Lionhead rabbit.
There are many coat types and colours. Some lionheads have single manes which is not showable. Single mane is when a lion head only has a little bit of the long fluffy on its head. Double mane is the showable type that has long hair all along the body except around the back area and face. The double mane is showable.
Baby lionheads (kits) are distinct from all others. When they are born they do not have a lot of hair around the tummy, butt, and cheeks. That hair grows in later as they mature.
This rabbit has a energetic, but sweet personallity and is for the more experienced bunny owner.
The breed has been recognized by the British Rabbit Council, however as of yet it is not a fully recognized breed in the ARBA.
Among the oldest breeds of domesticated rabbits, lops are known for their distinctive floppy ears. There are five types of American Rabbit Breeders accepted lop varieties as well as a few other breeds being created. The ARBA recognized lop breeds are the French Lop, English Lop, Mini Lop, American Fuzzy Lop and the Holland Lop. In the UK the Dwarf Lop is the equivalent of the US Mini Lop, and the US Holland Lop is called a Miniature Lop in the UK. Here in the US two of the proposed new breeds that are under development are the Velveteen Lop which is similar to an English Lop with a rex rabbits plush fur, and the Plush Lop which is similar to a Mini Lop with plush Rex rabbit fur.
Within the UK, Miniature Lops are very much the same as Holland Lops. The ideal weight for showing a mini lop is 3lb 6oz. Then there is the Dwarf Lop, these are around 5lb 4oz. Followed by the German Lop which is around 8lb, then finally the French Lop which is 10lb+.
The smallest of these is the Holland Lop [in the US otherwise known as the Miniature Lop] in the UK weighing around 3 lb (1.4 kg) and being a close relative of the Netherland Dwarf. The next largest is the Mini Lop in the US which has a weight range of 4 1/2 to 6 1/2 pounds, followed by the English, German, Meissener and French Lop breeds. The Meissener is a very rare breed available in only a couple of colours and is hardly ever seen at shows. They weigh around 3 and 1/2 and live to be approximately eight years.
Introduced into the UK in 1949, this breed is one of the smallest and is widely considered one of the cutest. It is bred in a wide range of colours and patterns usually derived from larger rabbits - everything from albino whites through to jet blacks and agoutis (native coloured). Does (females) have a more placid, parental nature than the bucks (males) which can be grumpy and somewhat aggressive - so much so that they can become dominant over much larger rabbits. All Netherland Dwarfs can become very tame towards their owners and are now considered a very suitable pet which is relatively easy to handle. It is the breed of rabbit most commonly kept as a pet nowadays.
Although a very small rabbit (1-2.5 pounds), Netherland Dwarfs do benefit greatly from daily use of a good sized outdoor run or grazing ark. Some individuals exercise an incredible ‘vertical leap’ behavior when playing and would appreciate a run height the same as that of larger rabbit breeds and an equal ‘perimeter size’ to scamper round.
SCHEDULE OF POINTS
GENERAL TYPE: 60 points
Hindquarters: 20 points
Midsection: 18 points
Shoulders: 17 points
Head & Ears: 5 points
Feet & Legs: 0 points
FUR: 15 points
COLOR: 15 points
CONDITION: 10 points
TOTAL POINTS: 100 points
SHOW CLASSES & WEIGHTS
Senior Bucks - 8 months of age and over, weight 9 to 11 lbs. Ideal weight 10 lbs. Senior Does - 8 months of age and over, weight 10 to 12 lbs. Ideal weight 11 lbs. Intermediate Bucks - 6 to 8 months of age, not over 10 lbs. Intermediate Does - 6 to 8 months of age, not over 11 lbs. Junior Bucks - Under 6 months of age, not over 9 lbs. Junior Does - Under 6 months of age, not over 10 lbs. Pre-Jr. Bucks and Does - Under 3 months of age. Not over 4-1/2 lbs. Note: Juniors and intermediates which exceed maximum weight limits may be shown in higher age classifications. No animal may be shown in a lower age classification than its true age.
BODY: The body type should create an impression of balance and uniformity in the mind. The animal must exemplify meat producing qualities. It is to have well rounded hips, well filled loin, and ribs carrying forward to combine with shoulders that balance with the rest of the body. The shoulders should blend smoothly into the midsection, and the midsection should blend smoothly into the hindquarters. The body should be of medium length, with good depth. The top body line should rise in a gradual curve from the base of the ears to the center of the hips, and then fall in a smooth curve downward to the base of the tail. When viewed from the above, the sides should taper slightly from hindquarters toward the shoulders. A small dewlap is permitted on does.
HINDQUARTERS - Points 20: The hindquarters are to be broad, smooth, well filled with firm flesh, and with the lower sides of they hips well developed. Depth should equal width, consistent with a well rounded top.
MIDSECTION - Points 18: The midsection is to be broad, firm, meaty, and carry as much flesh as possible on both sides of the spine. The side appearance should be of good depth and conform with the width of body. The belly should be firm and free from potty appearance.
SHOULDERS - Points 17: The shoulders are to be well developed, with good depth and width.
Faults - Narrow, flat or low shoulders; swayback or mandolin type; long, narrow body or extremely short coupled body; chopped or hindquarters; hips undercut; protruding hips; rough spine; loose, flabby skin, excessively fat over shoulders.
HEAD & EARS - Points 5: The head is to be full, with well filled face and jaws, presenting a slight curvature between the eyes and nose. The size of the head should balance and conform with the body and be more massive in bucks than does. It should be set closely on the shoulders, with the neck as short as possible. Ears are to be medium thick, well shaped, in proportion to head and body, and with well rounded tips. They should be well set on the head, with a good heavy ear base, and carried erect. Faults - Long, narrow head; extreme curvature between eyes and nose; pinched muzzle; long, thin, or pointed ears; spread ear carriage.
FEET & LEGS - 0 points: Bone is to be straight, medium heavy, and medium length. Hind legs and feet are to be full, firm, and stout. All toenails on Red and Black varieties are to be uniform and as dark as possible. Disqualification from Competition: Extremely small bone.
FUR - 15 points: (Flyback) To Conform to the ARBA Commercial Normal Fur Standard.
COLOR - Points 15: BLACK - Color is to be uniform, jet black throughout. Under color is to be a dark slate blue. Eyes - dark brown. Faults - Stray white hairs; brownish cast. Disqualification from Competition: Patch(es) of excessive white hair; very conspicuous stray white hairs; excessive brownish cast; white shadow bars on front or hind feet.
RED - Color is to be a bright reddish sorrel, but not so dark as to reach a mahogany red. Color shall carry as deep down the hair shaft as possible. The belly color may be somewhat lighter in shade, approaching a deep creamy cast, but must not be pure white. White on the underside of the tail, or on front and rear feet pads is permitted. Eyes - Brown. Faults - Light or dark ticking, when sufficient to produce a frosty or smudgy effect; white hairs in pelt; large, white eye circles. Disqualification from Competition: A general or marked departure from the standard color , to the extent of being mahogany red or a pale yellowish shade. Extremely heavy ear lacing. White shadow bars on front or hind feet.
WHITE - Color is to be pure white.. Eyes - Pink. Faults - Dirt or Hutch stain.
CONDITION - Points 10: Per ARBA definition. with special emphasis on firmness of flesh.
The body of a Palomino is to be of medium length with firm flesh, well developed shoulders, and well filled and rounded hindquarters. The top line should have a gradual arc smoothly rising upward from the neck reaching it’s high point at the loin hip and sloping downward towards the tail.
The surface color is to have as little variation as possible. The Golden variety is to be a bright golden shade over a cream to white undercolor. The Lynx variety has a medium pearl grey surface color blending to an orange beige intermediate color over a cream to white undercolor.
The palomino rabbit has a brown eye. There are two varieties; golden and lynx. The average weight for a full grown rabbit is 9 lbs. Palominos' have a good temperament and are very lovable. Coat should be coarse and full. Are very good show rabbits.
General Description: The body is to be small, compact, and close coupled with well rounded hips that are wider than the shoulders. The body top line should rise gradually from the nape of neck to its highest point at the center of the hips and then fall in a smooth curve to the base of the tail. The fur is short, fine, and dense with a flyback coat. The head is medium full and short, with full cheeks. When viewed from the side, there should be a slight curve in the skull from the base of the ears toward the nose, with a slight roundness between the eyes.
The Mini Rex, also known as Velveteen rabbit, was derived from the Standard Rex breed. It's fur has a plush feel like velvet, which offers a distinct springy resistance to the touch, like the standard Rex. For ARBA rabbit shows, the fur is worth 35% of their total score. They are very popular with exhibitors in the ARBA. They are also one of the easiest to breed of the compact type rabbits, and are very good mothers. Mini Rex excel in the sport of Rabbit Hopping.
The Rex breed is distinguished by its specific velvet-like fur that is often used to substitute for the use of other animals in fur coats. Rex fur has shortened guard hairs. The resulting coat is short and very dense, and is what would be called undercoat on a normal furred rabbit. They are full of personality.
Standard Rexes have been used for their fur and meat production. Since 1985, the breeding of Rexes for fur almost stopped, after people realized that there are larger animals that are just as soft. These are prolific rabbits having large litters with odd numbers of kits, often numbering nine or more. They are known as good mothers and are used as foster mothers for other rabbit breeds.
This breed of rabbit is also known as the "Velveteen" rabbit for its incredibly soft fur.
Weighing 6-9 1/2 pounds, four color varieties are available in this breed: black, blue, sable, and chocolate.
Longer white hairs should be ticked across each side of the body. There is also white in the form of a triangle at the nape of the neck, white inside the nostrils and ears, white circles around the eyes, white on the belly and inside of the legs, and white under the tail.
This is the breed. There is also a variety (color) called Silver Marten that is found in a few different breeds. They are, however, a separate breed, and they should not be crossed together. the breed was originally bred from the chinchilla rabbit.American Livestock Breeds Conservancy, meaning there are fewer than 200 annual registrations in the United States and estimated global population less than 2,000.
Weight: 4-6 pounds
ARBA accepts: all purebreeds
The Thrianta is a beautiful orange breed of rabbit. It originated in the Netherlands and was produced by Mr Andrea. Thrianta rabbits are sometimes cross bred with the Sachsengold (which was developed in Germany by a breeder called Mr Bennack). The Sachsengold was very similar to the Thrianta, but the colour is not nearly as intense, have a longer body type, and snipper heads. This cross breeding was intended to deepen the Sachsengold's colour. The Sachsengold was mistakenly thought to be renamed the Thrianta in 1979 how ever this is untrue. One of the first importers to the USA of these rabbits was Judith Oldenburg, of Iowa. She selected some of the finest stock that could be had at the time, which contained no Sachsengold blood. Almost all of the best stock in America can be traced back to her imported rabbits. They have beautiful fur and are very friendly and curious. An ideal pet for responsible children. Great show rabbits! de er store
The European Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is a species of rabbit native to southern Europe. It has been widely introduced elsewhere often with devastating effects on local biodiversity. However, its decline there (caused by the diseases myxomatosis and rabbit calicivirus as well as over-hunting and habitat loss) has caused the decline of its highly dependent predators, the Iberian Lynx and the Spanish Imperial Eagle.
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