was a Unix-like operating system
designed to run on the Acorn Archimedes
. Heavily based on 4.3BSD
, it was initially completed in 1988
— a year after Arthur
but prior to RISC OS
. Its relationship to ARX
Later versions upgraded the X11 server to release 4, and was certified to conform to the X/Open Portability Guide 3 Base profile.
The native file system implemented a transparent file compression mechanism and the console featured a two-cursor text copying mechanism inspired by Acorn's own earlier 8-bit range including the BBC Micro.
RISC iX was either supplied preinstalled on new computer hardware or was installed onsite from a portable tape drive
by Granada Microcare
, who would take the installation tape away with them. The cost of purchase was £1
Once installed a backup of the core operating system to three floppy disks was possible, allowing future reinstallation.
An unreleased machine, built internally by Acorn for the development of RISC iX. Reputedly only two were built and at least one of them has subsequently been destroyed.
A680 Technical Publishing System
Unreleased but widely prototyped, the A680 contained an ARM2
processor, 8 MiB
RAM (dual MEMCs) and a 67 MB hard drive running from an onboard SCSI
controller (no other machine from Acorn Computers
included integrated SCSI
). It is rumoured that overheating from the SCSI
controller was one reason for the machine to never be released.
Based on the A440, the R140 contained an 8 MHz
ARM2 processor, 4 MiB RAM and a 47 MB, later upgraded to 56 MB, ST506 hard drive
. Supplied with RISC OS 2 in ROM, the machine would boot that OS then could either automatically boot RISC iX totally removing RISC OS from memory or continue running RISC OS — optionally being rebooted into RISC iX at any time.
At the time of initial release in 1989, the cost of the R140 was £3,500.
An ordinary A440 with at least 4 MiB RAM and a suitable hard drive could run RISC iX. The R140 and A440 were hampered by the memory management system, using 32 KiB pages.
Based on the A540, the R260 originally contained a 26 MHz, (later 33 MHz) ARM3
processor, 4 MiB RAM (upgradable to 16 MiB) SCSI
adapter and a 100 MB SCSI hard drive (typically a Conner CP30100). It booted in the same style as the earlier R140. The machine was supplied with an ethernet
The system was released in 1990 priced £3,500 just as its predecessor had.
A similarly configured A540 could run RISC iX.
The R225 was a discless version of the R260. It required a network file server or an R260 to boot.
RISC iX is not compatible with later Archimedes machines.
- As well as industry-standard ethernet, Acorn's own Econet was supported, including an IP over Econet transmission system.