The Rathore (or Rathor / Rathur / Rathod / Rathour (Hindi: राठौड, IAST:Rāṭhauḍ or Rāṭhaur, Urdu: راٹھور) is a Rajput clan of India. This clan inhabits Marwar and Jangladesh regions of western Rajasthan, Idar state of Gujarat. Chhapra, Sheohar (a village called tariyani Chapra also has a large number of Rathore Rajputs, migrated from Jaipur. There is a small number of Rathores in Muzaffarpur district of Bihar.They have also inhabited 60 villages in Kaimur and Buxar district of Bihar.
In India, their native languages are Hindi and its dialects (such as Rajasthani, Marwari and other languages of Rajasthan, Gujarati and Kutchi in Gujarat, as well as Punjabi in the Punjab, a dialect of Punjabi called Rathi spoken in Ratia and Tohana in present day Haryana derives its name from the Rathore clan that held sway in this area.
Dynasties belonging to this clan ruled a number of kingdoms and princely states in Rajasthan and neighbouring states before India's independence in 1947. The largest and oldest among these was Jodhpur, in Marwar and Bikaner. Also the Idar State in Gujrat. The Maharaja of Jodhpur, is regarded as the head of the extended Rathore clan of Hindu Rajputs. Even in the modern times the clout of this clan in the democratic world is such that a large number of MLAs and MPs have been elected from among them.
Based on "khyats" (traditional accounts) written in seventeenth century, it is surmised that the Rathores and Rathods were originally feudatories of the Ujjaini-based Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty, and may perhaps have been domiciled in the vicinity of Kannauj in the heyday of that dynasty. Pratihara-ruled Kannauj was sacked by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1019 CE, which ushered in a chaotic period for that area. A family known to us as the "Gahadvala" dynasty gained control of Kannauj and ruled for nearly a century; their best-known dynast was Raja Jaichand, their last king. The Gahadvalas were displaced from Kannauj by the invasion, in 1194 CE, of Muhammad of Ghor. It is said that Sheoji, a surviving grandson of Jaichand, made his way into the western desert with a group of faithful followers, finally settling in the town of Pali in Marwar, which was ruled by another branch of the Pratiharas. Sheoji is regarded as the patriarch of the entire Rathore clan and all Rathores and Rathods trace their patrilineage back to him.
The tradition finds supports from a number of inscriptions found in the vicinity of Kannauj that mention several generations of a Rashtrakuta dynasty ruling there for two centuries. A very similar account is also mentioned in the "Rashtrayudha Kavya" of Rudrakavi, finished in 1595, who was the court poet in the court of the Rathore king, Narayana of Mayurgiri.
Marwar and beyond
The Rathores gradually spread across Marwar, forming a brotherhood of landowners and village chieftains, loosely bound to each other by ties of clan and caste. An epoch in the history both of Marwar and of the Rathores was marked by Rao Jodha
, a warrior who founded a kingdom that grew to encompass all of Marwar. He also founded the city of Jodhpur
in 1459, and moved his capital thither from Mandore
One of his sons, Rao Bika, with the help of his brave uncle Rawat Kandhal
, established the town of Bikaner
in 1488, in the Jangladesh
region lying to the north of Marwar; that town was to become the seat of a second major Rathore kingdom. Some of these migrations from Marwar into Gujarat caused changes in language and the spelling of Rathore to Rathod, which is seen in clans present in Gujarat. Rathods of Gujarat trace their history to the city Jodhpur.
The various cadet branches of the Rathore clan gradually spread to encompass all of Marwar and later sallied abroad to found states in Central India and Gujarat. At the time of India's independence in 1947, the princely states ruled by various branches of the Rathore clan included:
- Jodhpur (Marwar): Covering the present-day districts of Jodhpur, Pali, Nagaur, Barmer, and Jalor.
- Bikaner (Jangladesh): Covering the present-day districts of Bikaner, Churu, Ganganagar and Hanumangarh;
- Kishangarh in present-day Rajasthan, founded in 1611 by Raja Kishan Singh, son of Udai Singh of Marwar.
- Idar in present-day Gujarat, founded in 1728 or 1729.
- Ratlam in present-day Ratlam District of Madhya Pradesh, founded 1651.
- Sitamau in present-day Mandsaur District of Madhya Pradesh, founded 1701 by Raja Kesho Das.
- Sailana in present-day Ratlam District of Madhya Pradesh, founded in 1730 by Raja Jai Singh.
- Rathore rajputs are also found in Bihar ,,District called Sheohar there is a village called tariyani chapra,,there are lots of rathore rajputs...migrated from rajasthan(Jaipur)
- Amar rathore is one of them.
Rathore branches in modern times
- Rathore , Living in MP region of INDIA, basically in MP they are in
- Rewa, Jabalpur, Indore, Bhopal, Sehore, Betul, and Gwalior. In Chhastishgarh they are found in Raipur.
- Gaherwar, living in UP region mainly belonging to three dynasties of Dahia, Manda, and Vijaypur.
- Bika, Rulers of Bikaner
- Bika Rangot, living in Ajeetpura (Hanumangarh District), Sidhmudh (Churu District) and srrounding areas.
- Bika Sangot, living in Ajeetpura and the same areas of the Bika Sangot's.
- Banirot, living in Churu District.
- Kandhal, living around Ghanau (Churu District).
- Jodha, Rulers of Jodhpur, Rajasthan
- Jaitawat, living around pali, descendent of rao jaitaji rathore
- Balawat , Jagirs located majorly in Barmer and Jalore districts Mokalsar Mandavala Nimblana Posana
- Champawat, Living around Jodhpur & Pali
- Udawat, Living around Pali
- Mertia, living largely in Nagaur district Rajasthan
- Bidawat, living around Bidasar Churu
- Jodha Ratansinghot [Rulers of Ratlam]
- Rawatot, living around Rawatsar
- Karamsot, living around Khinvsar Nagaur and Bikaner
- Karnot the clan of Durgadas Rathore
- Jaitmalot - The royal house hold of Banol
- - 5 generations of Thakurs of Banol after 1910
- Thakur Udai Singh
- Thakur Kalu Singh
- Thakur Dewan Singh
- Thakur Vijay Singh
- Kunwar Yudhveer Singh [next Thakur to Banol]
- Rathore, Hindu Rajputs living in Bhaderwah and Kishtwar areas of Jammu Province in Indian Kashmir
- Rathore, living around Kotli, Farward Kahuta, and Nakar Bandi (about 60 km East of Bagh) in Azad Kashmir
- Rathore, living around Buxer, Bhojpur and Ghazipur in eastern UP and Bihar
- Rathore living in villages of Kanda tehsil of Bageshware district in Uttarakhand
- Rathore , Daneswar (Kasyap)Living in Dist.-Etah(Raja ka Rampur)Uttar Pradesh
Rathore, Family (Kashyap)Living in Nagod Estate now in District Satna of Madhya Pradesh
- Rathur, living in the metro-Detroit area of Michigan in the United States of America (when Mughal Emperor Jahangir brought some Rajput soldiers with him on his conquest of Kashmir, many of them settled there and embraced Islam. Several of the Kashmiri Rathores changed their name to "Rathur").
- RATHORES IN JHELUM / GUJRAT/ KUNJAH , GUJRANWALA, LAHORE CITIES , PAKISTAN, MOSTLY RATHORES ARE CONCENTRATED HERE IN THESE CITIES. MIGRATED FROM KASHMIR DURING 1836 AND 1947 .
- RATHORE FAMILIES IN TORONTO / MISSISSAUGA CANADA
- RATHORE FAMILIES IN JEDDAH , SAUDI ARABIA
Rathour, living in New York City in United States of America. Change came from when Vilati Rathore, came to America, and spelling changed.
(1200 A D onwards up to 1500 A D)
RAO SHIVA (Sheoji)
| 1212-1272 A.D.
RAO ASTHAN----RAO SONAG----RAO AJAY
| 1272-1292 A.D.
RAO DOOHAD----RAO JOPSA----RAO DHANDHUL----RAO HIRNAK----RAO POHAD----RAO KHIPSA----RAO AASAL----RAO CHACHIG
| 1292-1309 A.D.
RAO RAIPAL----RAO KIRTIPAL----RAO BEHAD----RAO PAITHAR----RAO JOGA----RAO DALU----RAO VEGAD
| 1309-1313 A.D.
RAO KANHA----RAO KELHAN----RAO SANDA----RAO LAKHAN----RAO DAANGI----RAO MOHAN----RAO JANJAN----RAO RAJO----RAO RANDHA----RAO HATHUNDIYA
| 1313-1323 A.D.
RAO JALANSI(Second Son) ----RAO BHIMKARAN(Oldest Son. Died in a battle in his father's reign) ----RAO VIJAYPAL
| 1323-1328 A.D.
RAO CHADA----RAO BHAKAR SINGH----RAO DUNGAR SINGH
| 1328-1344 A.D.
RAO TIDA----RAO KHOKRA----RAO VANAR----RAO SEEMAL----RAO RUDRAPAL----RAO KHIPSA
| 1344-1357 A.D.
RAO SALKHA (Second Son)----RAO KANHAD DEV (Oldest Son. His progeny did not rule.)
| 1357-1374 A.D. |
RAO VIRAMDEV(Third Son) ----RAO MALLINATH (Oldest Son) ----RAO JAITMAL----RAO SOBHIT RAO TRIBHUVAN
| 1374-1383 A.D. 1373-1399 A.D.
| 1399-1423 A.D.
RAO RANMAL---------------RAO SATAL----RAO KANHA
| 1427-1438 A.D. (1424-1427 A.D.)
RAO JODHA----RAWAT KANDHAL----RAO CHAMPA----RAO AKHAIRAJ----RAO MANDLO----RAO PATTA----RAO LAKHA----[[RAO BHAKAR JI]son RAO BALA JI/ Balawat clan ]----RAO JAITMUL----RAO KARNA----RAO ROOPA----
| 1453-1489 A.D. |
| RAO KUMPA
| (-1544 A.D)
RAO SAATUL----RAO SURAJ----RAO GUMMA----RAO DUDA----RAO BIR----RAO BIKA----RAO BHARMUAL----RAO SURJA----RAO KURUM SINGH----RAO RAEMUL----RAO SAMANT SINGH----RAO BEEDA----RAO BANHUR----RAO NEEMBO
1489-1492 A.D. 1492-1515 A.D.
RAO BAGH SINGH
RAO GANGA SINGH
| 1515-1532 A.D.
Rathore rulers of Marwar (Jodhpur)
- Rao Sheoji or Siyaji (1226-1273)
- Rao Asthan (1273-1292)
- Rao Doohad (1291-1309)
- Rao Raipal (1309-1313)
- Rao Kanhapal (1313-1323)
- Rao Jalansi (1323-1228)
- Rao Chada (1328-1344)
- Rao Tida (1334-1357)
- Rao Kanhadev (1357-1374)
- Rao Biram Dev (1374-1383)
- Rao Chanda or Chunda Rao (1383-1424)
- Rao Kanha (1424-1427)
- Rai Sanha (in rebellion) (1424-1427)
- Rao Ranmal or Ranmalla (1427-1438)
- Rao Jodha (1438-1488). Founder of Jodhpur.
- Rao Satal (1488-1491)
- Rao Suja (1491-1515)
- Rao Ganga (1515-1532)
- Rao Maldev or Malladeva (1532-1562)
- Rao Chandrasen (1562-1584)
- Raja Udai Singh or Udaya Singh (1584-1595)
- Sawai Raja Suraj Singh (1595-1620)
- Maharaja Gaja Singh (1620-1638)
- Maharaja Jaswant Singh I (1638-1679)
- Maharaja Ajit Singh (19 February 1679 - 24 June 1724). Born 1679, died 1724.
- Maharaja Abhai Singh (24 June 1724 - 18 June 1749). Born 1702, died 1749.
- Maharaja Ram Singh (1st time) (18 June 1749 - July 1751). Born 1730, died 1772.
- Maharaja Bakht Singh (July 1751 - 21 September 1752). Born 1706, died1752.
- Maharaja Bijay Singh (1st time) (21 September 1752 - 1753). Born 1724, died 1793.
- Maharaja Ram Singh (2nd time) (1753 -September 1772)
- Maharaja Bijay Singh (2nd time) (1772 - 17 July 1793)
- Maharaja Bhim Singh (in rebellion) (13 April 1792 - 20 March 1793). Died 1803.
- Maharaja Bhim Singh (17 July 1793 - 19 October 1803)
- Maharaja Man Singh Rathore (19 October 1803 - 4 September 1843). Born 1783, died 1843.
- Chhatra Singh (regent) (19 April 1817 - 6 January 1818). Born c.1800, died 1818.
- Maharaja Takht Singh (14 October 1843 - 13 February 1873). Born 1819, died 1873.
- Maharaja Jaswant Singh II (13 February 1873 - 11 October 1895. Born 1838, died 1895.
- Maharaja Sardar Singh (11 October 1895 - 21 March 1911). Born 1880, died 1911.
- Maharaja Sumer Singh (21 March 1911 - 3 October 1918). Born 1898, died 1918.
- Maharaja Umaid Singh (3 October 1918 - 9 June 1947). Born 1903, died 1947.
- Maharaja Hanwant Singh (9 June 1947-7 April 1949). Born 1923, acceded to India 7 April 1949, died 1952.
- Maharaja Gaj Singh II aka. Baap ji, present Maharaja of Jodhpur (Marwar)
Rathore rulers of Bikaner (Jangladesh)
- Rao Bika (1465-1504). Born 1438, died 1504. Founded Bikaner 1465. Son of Rao Jodha of Marwar.
- Rao Naroji Singh (1504-1505). Son of Rao Bika.
- Rao Lunkaranji (1505-1526). Son of Rao Bika.
- Rao Jetsiji Singh (1526-1542). Son of Rao Lunkaranji.
- Rao Kalyan Singh (1542-1571). Born 1519, died 1571. Son of Rao Jetsiji Singh.
- Raja RaiSingh I (1571-1611). Born 1541, died 1612. Son of Raja Kalyan Singh.
- Raja Dalpat Singh (1611-1614). Born 1565, died 1614. Son of Raja RaiSingh I.
- Raja Sur Singh (1614-1631). Born 1595, died 1631. Son of Raja Raj Singh I.
- Raja Karan Singh (1631-1669. Born 1616, died 1669. Son of Raja Karan Singh.
- Maharaja Anup Singh (Raja 1669-1687, Maharaja 1687-1698). Born 1638, died 1698. Son of Raja Karan Singh.
- Maharaja Sarup Singh (1698-1700). Born 1689, died 1700.
- Maharaja Sujan Singh (1700-1736). Born 1690, died 1736.
- Maharaja Zorawar Singh (1736-1745). Born 1713, died 1745. Husband of, Maharani. Gurnoor Kaur
- Maharaja Gaj Singh (1745-1787). Born 1723, died 1787.
- Maharaja Raj Singh II (1787). Born 1744, died 1787.
- Maharaja Pratap Singh (1787). Born 1781, died 1787.
- Maharaja Surat Singh (1788-1828). Born1766, died 1828.
- Maharaja Ratan Singh (1828-1851). Born 1791, died 1851.
- Maharaja Sardar Singh (1851-16 May 1872). Born 1818, died 1872.
- Maharaja Dungar Singh (16 May 1872 - 19 August 1887). Born 1854, died 1887.
- Maharaja Ganga Singh (19 August 1887-2 February 1943). Born 1880, died 1943.
- Maharaja Sadul Singh (2 February 1943 - 7 April 1949). Born 1902, acceded to India 7 April 1949, died 25 September 1950)
- Maharaja Karni Singh
[RATHORE RULERS OF RATLAM]
Rathore Rulers of Ratlam
- M.Dalpat Singh [4th son of Mota Raja Udai Singh Of Jodhpur]
- M.Mahesh Das
- M.Ratan Singh Ji ['Radh Rane ,Bhane Rattan.Kartabbi Bharat Kann.
Narnah Je Mukh Neer. Grehwant Gayan Gaheer.Susmatth Sure Sakkaj. Gajdiyan Bhanjan Gajj.Pit Mat Taran Pakkh. Singar Terah Sakkh'.]
- M Ram Singh Ji
- M.Shiv Singh Ji
- M.Keshav Das
- M.Chatrasal Ji
- M.Berisal ji [Retired to jaipur]
- Raja Abhey Singh Ji
- Raja Fateh Singh Ji
- Raja Sajet Singh Ji
- Raja Sumer Singh Ji
- Raja Pep Singh Ji
- Raja Karan Singh Ji
- Raja Bhom Singh Ji
- Raja Amar Singh Ji [IPS] Rajasthan Police
- M. Vikram Singh Ji [Retired Commercial Taxes Officer]
- Raja Raghuveer Singh Ji
- M.Chanderveer Singh Ji
- M.Pushpender Singh Ji
- Shree ji Maharaj Natwar singh
- KR.Harshvardhan singh
- KR.Yashovardhan Singh
- KR.Manvendra Singh
- KR.Mahaveer Singh
- Bhanwar hanupratap
Connection to the Rashtrakutas
At Hathundi, in what was formerly the princely state of Jodhpur, 10th century inscriptions have been found mentioning kings Harivarma, Vidagdha, Mammata, Dhavala and Balaprasada, all of the Rashtrakuta dynasty. This is not in fact surprising, since the Rashtrakutas held sway over Marwar in that era. However, as we have seen above, the Rathores first emerge in Rajasthan shortly after that same era; therefore, there have been some recent efforts to impute to the Rathores and Rathod a connection with the Rashtrakutas. The connection is tenuous to say the least, being based mainly upon the similarity of the two names; it is accpted by historians as being possible. One can only await further research into this question.
Some prominent Rathores
- Rao Maldeo Rathore
- Rao Jodha
- Rawat Kandhal
- Durgadas Rathore
- Amar Singh Rathore
- Maharaja Jaswant Singh
- Mohar Singh Rathore
- Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore
- Karni Singh Rathore
- Khet Singh Rathore
- Lt. Col. Jodh Singh Banirot,SARDAR BAHADUR, O.B.I.(I class), of GHANGHU.
- Th. Jagmal Singhji Rathore, RPS, recipient of Presidents indian police Medal for Gallantry, son of Lt.Col.Jodh Singhji Rathore of GHANGHU
- Late Lt.Gen Sagat Singh,PVSM Padma Bhushan
- Om Prakash Rathor (IPS, DGP Chhatiesgarh, Former Adviser to UN, recipient of Presidents Medal for Gallantary & UN 21 Award)
- Th.Umed Singh Rathore(Th.Dildhani,Makrana)
- Janmejay Rathore
- Raja Amar singh [IPS] RATLAM,
- Raja Raghuveer Singh Ji Ratlam
- Sh. Mangej Singh Rathore of Ajeetpua
- Maharaj Vikram Singh Ji Ratlam
- M.k.Natwar Singh Of Ratlam
- Maharaj Chanderveer Singh ji Ratlam
- Dhanraj 'Danny' Rathore
- Maharaj Pushpender Singh Of Ratlam [stain glass artist]
- Kr. Harshvardhan Singh Of Ratlam
- Sh. Megh Singh Rathore of Ajeetpura
- Late Colonel Madho Singhji of Mayapur, Nagaur
- Col Bhanwar Singh of Mayapur, Nagaur
- Major General NK Singh, AVSM,VSM of Mayapur, Nagaur
- Amar Singh .King of Tariyani Chapra,Bihar
- Thakur Kumar Dr. Vijay Raj Singh Gahadvala, of Rewa, M.P.
- Maj Gen Kalyaan Singh Rathore (PVSM)
- Brig. Kunwar Chand Singh (Rathore) Indian Army, ex-Jodhpur Lancers, from thikana Bhagwanpura, Nagaur Rajasthan, brother of Mag Gen Kalyaan Singh Rathore
- Lt. Col. Mool Singh Rathore, Indian Army (retd.), thikana Bhagwanpura, Rajasthan. Eldest S/O Brig. K Chand Singh. Presently based in Jaipur
- Thakur Sabal Singhji, Thikana Ghantel.
- Captain Thakur Narain Singhji, Thikana Ghantel.
- Thakur Prithvi Singhji, Thikana Ghantel.
- [BHANWAR SINGH RATHORE]
- THAKUR HIMMAT SINGH RATHORE THIKANA BHAGWANPURA Retd Addl. Chief Engineer
- Surendra Vikram Singh Rathore,(H.J.S Registrat Allahadab High Court)
- Surendra Singh Rathore, MLA, Shri Ganganagar.
- Padam Singh Rathore of Ghantel, Cricket Player
- Vilati Singh Rathour of Sialkot
- Sukhdev Singh Rathour
- Dr. Hukam Singh Bhati (1990), Maheca Rathaurom ka mula itihasa: Ravala Mallinatha ke vamsaja - Maheca, Baramera, Pokarana, Kotariya aura Khavariya Rathaurom ka sodhapurna itihasa. Publisher: Ratan Prakashan, Jodhpur.
- Dr. Mahendra Singh Nagar (2004), The genealogical survey: Royal house of Marwar and other states. Publisher: Maharaja Man Singh Pustak Prakashan, Jodhpur.
- Bruyne, J.L. DE. (Rudra Kavi). The Great Poem of the Dynasty of Rastraudha. Leiden, E.J. Brill, 1968.
- Bijendra singh rathore dist-Hardoi 1974 (U P)