Quirino, Elpidio

Quirino, Elpidio

Quirino, Elpidio, 1890-1956, Filipino statesman, b. Ilocos Sur prov., Luzon. After he was admitted (1915) to the bar he became a law clerk in the Philippine senate. For many years he was Manual Quezon's political aide. Quirino was elected (1919) to the Philippine house of representatives, and as senator (1925-35, 1941) he devoted himself to problems of finance. After the Japanese invasion in World War II he became a leader of the underground and was captured and imprisoned; his wife and three of his five children were killed by the conquerors. After the liberation (1945) of the Philippines, Quirino became president pro tempore of the senate and was elected (1946) first vice president of the independent Philippine republic. When President Manuel Roxas died (1948), Quirino succeeded to the presidency and was elected to that office in 1949. His administration was plagued by the Hukbalahap insurrection. Although ill, Quirino ran for reelection (1953), but he was overwhelmingly defeated by Ramon Magsaysay.

(born Nov. 16, 1890, Vigan, Phil.—died Feb. 28, 1956, Novaliches) Second president of the independent Republic of the Philippines. Quirino served in numerous elected and appointed posts in the Philippines prior to independence. In 1934 he accompanied Manuel Quezon to the U.S. to secure passage of the Tydings-McDuffie Act, which set a date for Philippine independence. He became vice president to Manuel Roxas after independence, succeeding to the presidency on Roxas's death in 1948. Quirino's presidency (1948–53) was one of notable postwar reconstruction and economic gains, but social problems remained unsolved (leading to the Hukbalahap Rebellion), and government corruption was widespread.

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Quirino is a province of the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. Its capital is Cabarroguis and was named after Elpidio Quirino, the sixth President of the Philippines. The province borders Aurora to the southeast, Nueva Vizcaya to the west, and Isabela to the north. Quirino used to be part of the province of Nueva Vizcaya, until it was separated in 1966.

Demographics

The population of the province as of the year 2000 census of population was 148,575, with a density of roughly 49 persons per square kilometer of land. The major language is Ilocano, which is widely spoken in the lowlands by 71.46 percent of the total populace. Ifugao is predominant in the uplands. Other languages are Bugkalot, Pangasinense, and Kankanai.

Economy

Agriculture is the main industry in Cagayan Valley, together with rice and corn as major crops. These supply the demand of neighboring provinces and the metropolis. Banana as well as banana chips are major products sold in Metro Manila and Pampanga. Small scale industries like furniture making, basketry, rattan craft, and dried flower production are prevalent.

Geography

Political

Quirino is subdivided into 6 municipalities.

Physical

The Sierra Madre mountain range provides a natural barrier on the eastern and southern border of the province and the Mamparang Range on the western part. The province is generally mountainous, with about 80 percent of the total land area covered by mountains and highlands.

The province has a mean annual temperature of 26.6 degree Celsius. Warmest month is May and the least dry months are March to August while the rest of the year is neither too dry nor too wet. Rainy days occur from September to November.

History

Long before its formal creation as an independent province, Quirino was the forest region of the province of Nueva Vizcaya, inhabited by tribal groups known as the Negritos. They roamed the hinterlands and built their huts at the heart of the jungle.

Quirino lies in the southeastern portion of Cagayan Valley. It is situated within the upper portion of the Cagayan River basin and bounded by Isabela on the north, Aurora on the east and southeast, and Nueva Vizcaya on the west and southwest.

The Ilocano dialect is used widely in the lowlands of the province’s various municipalities while Ifugao is predominant in the uplands.

Quirino province acquired its juridical personality as a result of the division of the provinces of Nueva Vizcaya and Isabela on June 18, 1966 under RA 4734. Quirino, named after the late president Elpidio Quirino, was created as a sub-province of Nueva Vizcaya in 1966. It became a full province in 1971. On June 21, 1969, RA 5554 was enacted, amending RA 4734 and creating the municipality of Cabarroguis, now the capital town of Quirino, which was taken from portions of Diffun, Saguday, and Aglipay.

RA 6394 was passed on September 10, 1971 further amending RA 5554 and separating the sub-province of Quirino from its mother province, Nueva Vizcaya, constituting it into a regular province. Hon. Leonardo B. Perez authored RA 6394.

The province of Quirino was formally established on February 10, 1972 upon the assumption to office of the first elected provincial and municipal officials headed by Dionisio A. Sarandi as Provincial Governor.

On February 25, 1983, Batas Pambansa Blg. 345 was enacted, creating within Quirino the municipality of Nagtipunan, a division of the municipality of Maddela.

Present Administration DAKILA CARLO E. CUA Province of Quirino Governor

Destined to be a leader, the twenty nine year old Vice Governor of the province of Quirino is now prepared for the gubernatorial seat. Born to a family of politicians, his father Junie E. Cua is the incumbent Congressman of the Lone District of Quirino, and his mother, Ma. Angela E. Cua, is a former Congresswoman.

Trained and molded during his two terms as Vice Governor, this young executive and legislator had introduced numerous programs, activities and innovations aimed at cultivating the innate desire of the youth to participate in the development of the province. Believing that “the youth are the hope of the Fatherland” as envisioned by his ancestor, Dr. Jose P. Rizal, Dax Cua championed the welfare and future of the youth of Quirino. He founded the Movement for the Integrated Development of the Youth (MIDY) aimed at developing the holistic well-being of the youth. Leadership trainings, academic contests, Youth In Sync, Vice Governor’s Cup and the recently launched “Iyong Serbisyo, Sagot sa Edukasyon Mo” (ISSEM) scholarship project were among his regular programs.

Dax Cua also regularly conducts outreach medical missions to the barangays giving free health services and medicines, thereby improving the health conditions of the constituents. This young man is also supportive of non-government organizations and civic organizations concerned with human resource and livelihood development of the province.

With his laudable contributions to the province, taking the gubernatorial seat would surely mean more innovative programs and projects geared at developing the province, and more so with his vibrant style of leadership, will surely redound to the improvement of the quality life of his constituents.

HEALING QUIRINO Platform of DAX CUA– Quirino Province

Together with the local government officials, civil society organizations and the private sector, and with the support of the national government and the local constituency, the Dax Cua administration shall confront the challenges of uplifting the quality of life of all Quirinians focusing on the following aspects for development:

Health – a community where people has sound mind and body can do better and work harmoniously and productively towards the attainment of a common goal

Education – the people should be expected to understand the social reality in which they live as a fundamental part of their learning activity and it is thru education that they can participate actively in decision-making processes for their good

Agriculture – one of the basic needs of man is food and by ensuring food security, people will be able to think, work and be partners of the government in development

Livelihood – the application of knowledge and skills will help an individual boost his self-esteem and eventually use these to achieve a better quality of life.

Infrastructure – roads, bridges, school buildings, irrigation and potable water system, farm-to-market roads, sports centers, communication facilities – these are necessary structures that will make the daily life of the constituents easier.

Natural Resources Sustainable Management - The province is endowed with nature’s wonders and resources that when managed properly shall provide boundless opportunities for tourism and investment, without sacrificing the ecosystem.

Good Governance – assurance of check and balance in all transactions of government spells transparency; while, sound fiscal management ensures that the public money is given back to the people in the form of quality services.

These developmental elements can be translated as visions that can be realized through the following:

1. PEACE AND SECURITY - Provision of a favorable peace and order condition to hasten development; the people should feel safe at all times

2. PEOPLE EMPOWERMENT - education campaign to families on how to budget their income - reproductive health and family planning education - conduct of education and training on basic hygiene and primary health care for households - consultancy approach in governance

3. DEDICATED PUBLIC SERVICE - fasttrack delivery of services - facilitate access to secondary and tertiary health services - strengthen scholarship programs; introduce mobile teaching program, and send OSYs back to school - provision of essential commodities (drugs and medical supplies) to health centers and hospitals - assist farmers and small producers in the processing and marketing of their products

4. SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT - sustenance of the integrated social forestry programs management and control of communal forest - regulate and closely monitor mining activities - intensify solid waste management

5. TECHNICAL SKILLS AND SMALL & MEDIUM ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT - provision of source of living and employment opportunities thru community enterprise and skills training - provide basic training on home gardening, backyard livestock industry and other livelihood - provision of support services especially access to capital

6. INFOTECH MODERNIZATION - establish an IT park or center in every school and town - strengthen linkage with the telecommunications industry - support Research and Development in fields that the province has comparative advantage

Para sa isang maunlad na Quirino, nangunguna pa rin ang pagtutulungan at pagkakaisa ng mga nagmamahal at nangangarap ng magandang kinabukasan para sa lahat.

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