: Cicigar hoton
) is a major city in the Heilongjiang
Province, Northeast China
. It has 895,000 inhabitants. These are mainly Han Chinese
and the resident minorities are, among others, Manchu
, and Mongolians
Close to Qiqihar are numerous wetlands and the Zhalong Nature Reserve
, famous in China for being home to numerous red-crowned cranes
Qiqihar is one of the oldest cities in the northeast of China and was founded in 1691
. From 1931
it was an important military base for the Japanese
control of northeastern China, going by the name Tsitsihar. During the occupation, the Imperial Japanese Army
established in Qiqihar the chemical resarch unit 516
for chemical warfare
A major mustard gas tank leftover from the Second Sino-Japanese War buried underground was accidentally damaged in 2003. It caused major injuries and one death.
The population is about 6.011 million, where 1.438,550 (January 1
) people live in the city. The area is 4.310 km²; 42.469 km² including suburbs. It is about 146 m above sea level and the annual rainfall is 415 mm. Average temperature is 3.2°C (January -25.7°C, July 22.8°C). Qiqihar is a principal Chinese city, the second largest in Heilongjiang Province and the 13th largest in China (based on total population).
Qiqihar is divided into 16 divisions: 7 districts (区/區 qū
), 8 counties (县/縣 xiàn
) and 1 county-level city
(县級市/縣級市 xiànjí shì
The urban area includes Tiefeng District, Longsha District and Jianhua District.
Qiqihar was previously home to an Asia League Ice Hockey
team which used the snow leopard
as a mascot. The team later became Changchun Fuao
, relocating to Changchun
Province. Qiqihar will play host to the 2007 IIHF World Championships
Division I, Group A.