Pyrrhura is a genus of parrots in the Arini tribe. They occur in tropical and subtropical South America and southern Central America (Panama and Costa Rica). Most are restricted to humid forest and adjacent habitats, but one species, the Blaze-winged Parakeet, prefers savanna-like habitats, and another, the Pfrimer's Parakeet, is restricted to dry regions. Some species are highly endangered.
Depending on the species, the total length range from 22 to 30 cm (8½-12 in). All have long, pointed tails, a mainly green plumage, and a relatively narrow, dark greyish to white eye-ring. Many have scaly or barred chest-patterns and a whitish, pale grey, buff or reddish ear-patch.
They typically move around in small, noisy flocks, flying swiftly at or below canopy level. Once settled in a tree they tend to be silent (esp. if aware of danger) and difficult to spot. They nest in a tree-crevice.
The taxonomy of some groups, in particular the Pyrrhura picta and the P. leucotis complexes, have changed significantly in recent years, but not all authorities accept this, e.g. SACC accept the split of the latter, but not that of the former. Furthermore, the taxonomic status of individuals of the P. picta complex from far north-eastern Peru (the so-called "group 6" in Joseph, 2002) remain unclear.
Abundance, habitat use, and movements of Blue-winged Macaws (Primolius maracana) and other parrots in and around an Atlantic Forest reserve.
Jun 01, 2005; Habitat fragmentation has affected a multitude of taxa worldwide (e.g., Saunders et al. 1991, Turner 1996) by disrupting forest...