) is a department
in the southwest of France
which takes its name from the Pyrenees
mountains and the Atlantic Ocean
was one of the original 83 Departments of France
created during the French Revolution
, on March 4
. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne
, and Gascony
and included the three traditional provinces of the northern Basque Country
The previous history of the region, under the Ancien Régime, can be found at those individual articles.
On October 10, 1969, Basses-Pyrénées was renamed Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
Pyrénées-Atlantiques is part of the Aquitaine region
of Southwest France.
It is bordered by the Landes
departments and the Bay of Biscay
Principal settlements include Pau, Biarritz, Bayonne, Anglet, Urrugne and St-Jean-de-Luz.
The parts of the department that were part of Guyenne and Béarn have a culture heavily influenced by the Basques.
Both the Gascon language and the Basque language are indigenous to the region here. Gascon is an Occitan language that is more closely related to Catalan than it is to French. Basque is a language isolate.