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Ptolemy VI

Ptolemy VI

Ptolemy VI (Ptolemy Philometor), d. 145 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (180-145 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy V. He became king when an infant, and his mother, Cleopatra, was regent. After her death, Antiochus IV of Syria invaded Egypt, and Ptolemy was captured (170 B.C.) at Pelusium. He was forced to share the rule with his wife (also his sister), Cleopatra, and his brother, Ptolemy Physcon (later Ptolemy VII). Ptolemy Physcon ruled over Cyrene, Ptolemy Philometor over Egypt; trouble between the brothers ultimately caused the intervention of Rome. Ptolemy VI aided Demetrius II to gain the throne of Syria and was killed in battle with the rival claimant, Alexander Balas. His young son in theory succeeded to the throne and is sometimes called Ptolemy VII, but he was put to death as soon as Ptolemy Physcon (who is sometimes counted as Ptolemy VIII) could reach Egypt.

Ptolemy VI Philometor (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλομήτωρ, Ptolemaĩos Philomḗtōr, ca. 186-145 BC) was a king of Egypt from the Ptolemaic period. He reigned from 180 to 145 BC.

Ptolemy succeeded in 180 at the age of about 6 and ruled jointly with his mother, Cleopatra I, until her death in 176 BC. The following year he married his sister, Cleopatra II.

In 170 BC, Antiochus IV began the sixth Syrian War and invaded Egypt twice. He was crowned as its king in 168, but abandoned his claim on the orders of the Roman Senate. From 169-164, Egypt was ruled by a triumvirate consisting of Ptolemy, his sister-queen and his younger brother known as Ptolemy VIII Physcon, but in 164 he was driven out by his brother and went to Rome to seek support, which he received from Cato. He was restored the following year by the intervention of the Alexandrians and ruled uneasily, cruelly suppressing frequent rebellions. In 152 BC, he briefly ruled jointly with one of his sons, known as Ptolemy Eupator, but it is thought that Ptolemy Eupator died that same year.

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