is the condition in which a large city has formed in an area without a functional infrastructure
to support it. As the population of an urbanized area grows, the city's infrastructure must grow with it, or else shortages
will develop, typically in housing
, clean water
and waste removal
services, or other services such as law enforcement. Overpopulation in urban areas is often characterized by shanty towns
, where such services are inadequate or wholly absent. A city much of whose recent growth has been in the absence of adequate infrastructure will be "pseudo-urbanized".
Urbanization in the third world tends to consist primarily of pseudo-urbanization. This happens largely because of so-called "rural push": factors which push people from the countryside into the cities, without the city being prepared to accept them. Rural-urban migrants in the third world usually move into the cities because of poverty related reasons, leading to a demographic explosion and a progressive concentration of poor migrants in the cities. This is a finite process, as one city can only hold so many people due to limited infrastructure and available resources