Provisional Government of Lithuania (Laikinoji Vyriausybė) was a temporary government aiming for independent Lithuania during the last days of the Soviet occupation and the first weeks of German occupation in 1941. It was secretly formed on 22 April, 1941, announced on 23 June, 1941, and dissolved on 5 August, 1941. It was formed out of members of Lithuanian Activist Front's Kaunas and Vilnius sections.
The planned government had other losses as well: Vytautas Bulvičius, who was Minister of Defence in the underground government, was arrested by the Soviet forces on June 2. His place in the underground government as Minister of Defense was therefore taken by General Stasys Raštikis. On June 21, 1941 (just one day before Germany declared war on the Soviet Union, and the uprising started), 4 members of the planned government were arrested by the Soviets: (Vladas Nasevičius, Vytautas Statkus, Jonas Masiliūnas and Jonas Vainauskas); they were imprisoned in Gorkiy prison in Moscow. The tribunal for them started on November 26, 1941 (after the uprising had ended, and while Lithuania was still occupied by Germany). Sentence was pronounced on November 28. V. Bulvičius was executed, as were many other members of LAF, and also teachers and former soldiers of the Lithuanian army. Other arrested ministers (J. Masiliūnas, V. Nasevičius, V. Statkus) were exiled to Siberia, along with other people arrested at the same time.
The government, however, still came to the power after the June uprising, and ruled during the Lithuanian 1941 independence, until dissolving itself upon the Nazi occupation of the country.