Province Lake's maximum depth is between 15 to , quite shallow for a New Hampshire lake, so there are no coldwater fish within. It is fed by several wetland areas, one named stream (Hobbs Brook), and by underwater springs. The quality of the water is high.
Small and largemouth bass, yellow perch, pickerel, horned pout and sunfish draw fishermen. Loons, an eagle, great blue heron, and occasional mergansers are seen at the lake.