Proctor, Redfield

Proctor, Redfield

Proctor, Redfield, 1831-1908, American industrialist and political leader, b. Proctorsville, Vt. He studied law, practiced in Boston, and served in the Union army in the Civil War. After he returned (1863) to Vermont he joined the Vermont Marble Company at Sutherland Falls (now Proctor) and made the company one of the largest of its kind in the country. He became its president in 1880. Proctor served in both houses of the state legislature and was lieutenant governor (1876-78) and governor (1878-80) before he became (1889) U.S. Secretary of War. He resigned (1891) this post to enter the U.S. Senate, where he served until his death. He visited Cuba in 1898, and the speech he made depicting conditions there was influential in bringing the United States into the Spanish-American War.
Proctor is a town in Rutland County, Vermont, United States. The population was 1,877 at the 2000 census.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 19.7 km² (7.6 mi²). 19.6 km² (7.6 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it (0.39%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,877 people, 756 households, and 530 families residing in the town. The population density was 95.9/km² (248.2/mi²). There were 791 housing units at an average density of 40.4/km² (104.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.04% White, 0.16% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.05% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.59% of the population.

There were 756 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $39,773, and the median income for a family was $45,625. Males had a median income of $33,214 versus $25,197 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,214. About 6.8% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.

History

In the early 1800s, small high-quality marble deposits were discovered in Rutland, and in the 1830s a large deposit of nearly solid marble of high quality was found in what is now West Rutland. By the 1840s small firms had begun operations, but marble quarries only became profitable when the railroad came to Rutland in 1851. As fate would have it, the famous quarries of Carrara in Tuscany, Italy, became largely unworkable because of their extreme depth at the same time, and Rutland quickly became one of the leading producers of marble in the world. This fueled enough growth and investment that in 1886 the marble companies saw to it that when the present Rutland City was incorporated as a village, most of the town was split off as West Rutland and Proctor, which between them contained the bulk of the marble quarries. Proctor was formed around the nucleus of the old Sheffield Village from parts of Rutland and Pittsford. Proctor was named for and almost completely owned by Senator Redfield Proctor. The closing of the marble quarries in the town in the 1980s and 1990s cost the area many jobs, and Proctor has struggled much more than its neighbors. In 2004 the Proctor Marble Arch Bridge restoration project was the recipient of the Marble Institute Award of Merit for "commitment to preservation of the original stonework."

Notable residents

  • Redfield Proctor, politician who served as Governor and U.S. Senator for Vermont.

Points of interest

References

External links

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