Prix Goncourt

Prix Goncourt

[pree gon-koor; Fr. pree gawn-koor]

The Prix Goncourt is a prize in French literature, given to the author of "the best and most imaginative prose work of the year".

Edmond de Goncourt, a successful author, critic, and publisher, bequeathed his entire estate for the foundation and maintenance of the Académie Goncourt. In honour of his brother and collaborator, Jules Alfred Huot de Goncourt, (1830-1870), the Académie has awarded the Prix Goncourt every December since 1903. The jury that determines the winner meets at the Drouant restaurant to make its decision. The award, though nominal, ensures the winner celebrity status and a boost in sales.

The award may only be given to an author once, and has never been given to an author twice except in one case. Romain Gary won it in 1956 for Les racines du ciel, and then won it again under the pseudonym Émile Ajar in 1975 for La vie devant soi.

A few of the authors who have won the prize are: Marcel Proust, Jean Fayard, Simone de Beauvoir, Georges Duhamel, Alphonse de Châteaubriant, Antonine Maillet.

Some decisions for awarding the prize were controversial, the most famous case being the decision to award the prize 1919 to Marcel Proust; this was met with indignation, since many in the public felt that the prize should have gone to Roland Dorgelès for Les Croix de bois, a novel about the First World War, for the following reasons:

  • the prize was supposed to be awarded to promising young authors, whereas Proust was 48 (Proust was a beginning author, though, which is the only eligibility requirement for the prize, age being unimportant);
  • this was immediately after the end of the war, where Dorgelès had fought, whereas Proust had been deemed unfit for service for medical reasons (he had asthma);

The 1932 prize was also controversial for passing up Céline, and the voting process became the basis of the 1992 book Goncourt 32 by Eugène Saccomano.

In 1987, the Prix Goncourt des Lycéens was established, as a collaboration between the Académie Goncourt, the French Ministry of Education, and FNAC, a book, music, and movie retailer.

Every year, the Académie Goncourt also awards the Goncourt prize of Poetry.

Prize winners Website of the Academie Goncourt
Year Recipient Work
1903 Force ennemie
1904 La Maternelle
1905 Les Civilisés
1906 Dingley, l'illustre écrivain
1907 Terres lorraines
1908 Ecrit sur l'eau
1909 En France
1910 De Goupil à Margot
1911 Monsieur des Lourdines
1912 Les Filles de la pluie
1913 Le peuple de la mer
1914
1915 Gaspard
1916 Le Feu, English translation: Under Fire
1916 l'Appel du Sol
1917 La Flamme au poing
1918 Civilisation
1919 A l'ombre des jeunes filles en fleur (volume 2 of - À la recherche du temps perdu,)
1920 Nêne
1921 Batouala
1922 Le vitriol de la lune and Le martyre de l'obèse
1923 Rabevel ou Le mal des ardents
1924 Le Chèvrefeuille, le Purgatoire, le Chapitre XIII
1925 Raboliot
1926 Le supplice de Phèdre
1927 Jérôme 60° latitude nord
1928 Un Homme se penche sur son passé
1929 L'Ordre
1930 Malaisie
1931 Mal d'amour
1932 Les Loups
1933 La Condition humaine
1934 Capitaine Conan
1935 Sang et Lumières
1936 L'Empreinte de Dieu
1937 Faux Passeports
1938 L'Araignée
1939 Les enfants gâtés
1940 Les grandes vacances
1941 Le vent de mars
1942 Pareil à des enfants
1943 Passage de l'Homme
1944 Le premier accroc coûte 200 Francs
1945 Mon village à l'heure allemande
1946 Histoire d'un Fait divers
1947 Les Forêts de la Nuit
1948 Les grandes familles
1949 Week-end à Zuydcoote
1950 Les jeux sauvages
1951 Le Rivage des Syrtes (Refused the prize)
1952 Léon Morin, prêtre
1953 Les Bêtes
1954 Les Mandarins, English translation: The Mandarins
1955 Les eaux mêlées
1956 Les racines du ciel
1957 La Loi
1958 Saint Germain ou la Négociation
1959 Le dernier des Justes
1960 Dieu est né en exil
1961 La pitié de Dieu
1962 Les bagages de sable
1963 Quand la mer se retire
1964 L'Etat sauvage
1965 L'Adoration
1966 Oublier Palerme
1967 La Marge
1968 Les fruits de l'hiver
1969 Creezy
1970 Le Roi des Aulnes
1971 Les Bêtises
1972 L'Epervier de Maheux
1973 L'Ogre
1974 La Dentellière
1975 (Romain Gary) La vie devant soi
1976 Les Flamboyants
1977 John l'enfer
1978 Rue des boutiques obscures
1979 Pélagie la Charette
1980 Le Jardin d'acclimatation
1981 Anne Marie
1982 dans la main de l'Ange
1983 Les égarés
1984 L'Amant
1985 Les Noces barbares
1986 Valet de nuit
1987 La Nuit sacrée
1988 L'Exposition coloniale
1989 Un grand pas vers le Bon Dieu
1990 Les Champs d'honneur
1991 Les Filles du Calvaire
1992 Texaco
1993 Le Rocher de Tanios
1994 Un Aller simple
1995 Le Testament français
1996 Le Chasseur Zéro
1997 La Bataille
1998 Confidence pour confidence
1999 Je m'en vais
2000 Ingrid Caven
2001 Rouge Brésil
2002 Les Ombres errantes
2003 La maîtresse de Brecht
2004 Le Soleil des Scorta
2005 Trois jours chez ma mère
2006 Les Bienveillantes
2007 Alabama song

See also

Search another word or see Prix Goncourton Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature