Carl Oscar Wilhelm Fredrik of the House of Bernadotte was born Prince Carl Oscar of Sweden and Norway in Stockholm. He was the only son of King Charles XV of Sweden and Norway (1826-1872) and Princess Louise of the Netherlands (1828-1871).
In February 1854 the young prince suffered from the measles, and most unfortunately was prescribed a cold bath. This led to pneumonia, and the prince passed away at the tender age of 15 months. He is interred in Riddarholmskyrkan in Stockholm.