Primolius is a genus of macaws comprising three species, which are native to South America. They are mainly green parrots with complex colouring including blues, reds and yellows. They have long tails, a large curved beak, and bare facial skin typical of macaws in general. They are less than 50 cm long, much smaller than the macaws of the Ara genus. Macaws less than about 50 cm long, including the Primolius genus, are sometimes called "mini-macaws".
The Primolius genus, Bonaparte 1857:
|Common and binomial names||Image||Description||Range|
or Coulon's Macaw
|41 cm (16 in) long, mostly green with head, flight feathers and primary coverts blue. The uppertail has a maroon base, a narrow green center and a blue tip. The undertail and underwing are greenish-yellow/ The bill is pale greyish-horn with a black base. Unlike most other macaws, the facial skin and lores are dark greyish.||South America|
or Illiger's Macaw
|40 cm (16 in) long, mostly green, the upperside of some of the wing feathers are blue, and the underside of the wings are yellowish, the tail-tip, crown and cheeks are bluish, and the tail-base and a belly-patch are red. The iris is amber. The bare facial-skin is yellowish, which may be white in captivity, the beak is all black||South America|
or Yellow-collared Macaw
|38 cm (15 in) long, mostly green, yellow collar wider at the back of the neck, tail feathers have are red at the base fading to greens and blues, dark brown or black forehead, pink legs, the beak is dark grey with a paler grey tip||South America|
Abundance, habitat use, and movements of Blue-winged Macaws (Primolius maracana) and other parrots in and around an Atlantic Forest reserve.
Jun 01, 2005; Habitat fragmentation has affected a multitude of taxa worldwide (e.g., Saunders et al. 1991, Turner 1996) by disrupting forest...