The prehnite-pumpellyite facies
is a metamorphic facies
typical of subseafloor alteration of the oceanic crust
around mid-ocean ridge
It is a metamorphic grade transitional between zeolite facies
and greenschist facies
representing a temperature range of 250 to 350 °C and a pressure range of approximately two to seven kilobars. The mineral assemblage is dependent on host composition.
- In mafic rocks the assemblage is chlorite, prehnite, albite, pumpellyite and epidote.
- In ultramafic rocks the assemblage is serpentine, talc, forsterite, tremolite and chlorite.
- In argillaceous sedimentary rocks the assemblage is quartz, illite, albite, and stilpnomelane chlorite.
- In carbonate sediments the assemblage is calcite, dolomite, quartz, clays, talc, and muscovite.
- Blatt, Harvey and Robert Tracy, 1995, Petrology: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic, Freeman, ISBN 0-7167-2438-3