The Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) is a research university at the graduate-school level, operated by the United States Navy. Located in Monterey, California, it grants both master's degrees and doctoral degrees. The student population comprises active-duty officers from U.S. and foreign military services, and U.S. Government civilians. Most of the faculty are civilians.
The Electrical and Computer Engineering Department and the Mechanical and Astronautical Engineering Department offer ABET accredited degrees.
The Naval Postgraduate School offers research fellowship opportunities at the postdoctoral level to national and international scientists and engineers through the National Research Council research associateship program
On October 31, 1912, Meyer signed Navy General Order No. 233, which renamed the school the Postgraduate Department of the United States Naval Academy. The order established courses of study in ordnance and gunnery, electrical engineering, radio telegraphy, naval construction, and civil engineering as well as continuing the original program in marine engineering.
During World War II, Fleet Admiral Ernest King, chief of naval operations and commander-in-chief of both the Atlantic and Pacific fleets, established a commission to review the role of graduate education in the Navy. In 1945, Congress passed legislation to make the school a fully-accredited, degree-granting graduate institution. Two years later, Congress adopted legislation authorizing the purchase of an independent campus for the school.
A post-war review team, which had examined 25 sites nationwide, had recommended the old Hotel Del Monte in Monterey as a new home for the Postgraduate School. Negotiations with the Del Monte Properties Company led to the purchase of the hotel and 627 acres (2.5 km²) of surrounding land for $2.13 million.
In December 1951, the Postgraduate School moved across the nation, establishing its current campus in Monterey.
In the summer of 2005, the School was placed on a list of possible base closures by the Base Realignment and Closure Commission along with the Defense Language Institute (DLI). Suggestions were made to combine NPS with the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) and possibly move NPS to Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. Another idea considered was to combine NPS with DLI and leave them in the Monterey Bay area.
On August 25, 2005, the BRAC commission voted unanimously to keep NPS and DLI in Monterey, and to keep them separate. Under the terms set by the commission, the Navy will relinquish control of the Postgraduate School's classes and research projects to an oversight board (made up of a combination of representatives from the school and civilian educators), which will report to the Secretary of Defense. The plan is intended to cut costs by giving the school more authority to make changes to the curriculum and minimize duplication between NPS and AFIT in the aerospace engineering community of practice.
Today, the school has over 40 programs of study including engineering, physical sciences, space science, computer science, operations research, business, international relations, and other disciplines, all with an emphasis on military applications. It is home to the Center for Information Systems Security Studies and Research (CISR) and the Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS) CISR is America's foremost center for defense-related research and education in Information Assurance (IA), Inherently Trustworthy Systems (ITC), and defensive information warfare; and CHDS provides the first homeland security master’s degree in the United States.