Definitions

Portuguese Liga

Portuguese Liga

The Portuguese Liga (pron. 'liɣɐ), currently named Liga Sagres after its main sponsor, is the league competition for Portuguese professional football clubs located at the top of the Portuguese football league system (above the Liga de Honra), making it Portugal's primary football competition.

The Liga is presently contested by sixteen clubs each season, but only five of them have won the title. Currently in its 73rd edition (counting four provisional championships in the 30's) the competition is dominated by the so called "big three"; (Benfica, FC Porto and Sporting Portugal), who have a total of 71 titles, with Belenenses and Boavista winning the other two.

History

Before the Portuguese football reform of 1938, an experimental competition on a round-basis was already being held — the Primeira Liga (Premier League) and the winners of that competition were named "League champions". Despite that, a Portuguese Championship in a knock-out cup format was the most popular and defined the "Portuguese champion".

Then, with the reform, a round-basis competition was implemented as the most important of the calendar and began defining the Portuguese champion. From 1938 to 2000 the name Campeonato Nacional da Primeira Divisão (National Championship of the First Division), or just Primeira Divisão (First Division) was used. When the Portuguese League for Professional Football took control of the two nationwide leagues in 1999 it was renamed Campeonato Nacional da Primeira Liga (Premier League National Championship), or simply Primeira Liga (Premier League).

Sponsored names

Galp acquired the naming rights to the league in 2002, titling the division SuperLiga Galp Energia. A four year deal with the Austrian sports betting web portal bwin was announced on 18 August 2005, amid questioning by the other gambling authorities in Portugal (the Santa Casa da Misericórdia and the Portuguese Casinos Association) who claimed to hold the exclusive rights to legal gambling games in Portuguese national territory. After holding the name Liga betandwin.com for the 2005-2006 season the name was changed to BWINLIGA in July 2006. . From the 2008-2009 season the league has been be named Liga Sagres, due to sponsorship from Sagres beer.

Competition

From the 2006-07 season on there are 16 clubs in the Portuguese Liga, down from 18 in the previous seasons. During the course of a season each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at their opponent's, for a total of 30 games. At the end of each season, the two lowest placed teams are relegated to the Liga de Honra, and the top two teams from Liga de Honra are promoted to the Portuguese Liga.

Currently, for the 2008-09 season, the top two teams in the Liga qualify for the UEFA Champions League. The Champion (first place finish) goes directly into the group phase of the competion, with the runner-up (second place finish) entering the competition at the third qualifying round, and must survive a two-legged knockout tie in order to enter the group phase. The teams classified in third, fourth and fifth enter the UEFA Cup together with the winner of the Cup of Portugal. If the winner of the Cup of Portugal is already qualified for the Champions League, or would be qualified for the UEFA Cup by its league position, the runner-up will occupy the spot in the UEFA Cup. If the runner-up is also qualified for European competition through its league position, the spot is given to the 6th-placed team in the Liga. The 6th-placed team is allowed to play in the UEFA Intertoto Cup, but when it plays in the UEFA Cup because of the situation above, then, the spot is taken by the 7th-placed team.

Current clubs in Portuguese Liga Sagres

Names in bold are the colloquial names of the clubs.

Television

Within Portugal, Sport TV holds rights to broadcast both first and second division matches, thtough their Premium Channels, SportTV 1 and SportTV 2. All clubs negotiate individually with the channel. One game a week is broadcast on free television, in a contract deal between SportTV and (from 2008-2009) RTP. The IPTV service, Meo, shows some games through a pay-per-view system.

Internationally, Gol TV shows games throughout Latin America, Setanta Sports shows games in the UK, Ireland and Australia, Sportitalia shows one game a week in Italy, and in Brazil games are broadcast by Band Sports.

UEFA Ranking

Current National League Ranking

  1. F.A. Premiership
  2. La Liga
  3. Serie A
  4. Ligue 1
  5. Bundesliga
  6. Russian Premier League
  7. Liga I
  8. Liga Sagres
  9. Eredivisie

Continental honours by Liga players

FIFA World Cup All-Star Team Ricardo

Attendance

Since the beginning of the league, there are three clubs with an attendance much higher than the others: S.L. Benfica, F.C. Porto and Sporting Clube de Portugal. In the 2007-08 season the average attendance in the Portuguese league was 11,216.

The 2007-08 season saw an average attendance by club:

Club Average Highest Stadium
capacity
Stadium
1 F.C. Porto 38,632 50,199 50,500 Estádio do Dragão
2 Benfica 37,558 60,116 65,647 Estádio da Luz (Estádio do Sport Lisboa e Benfica)
3 Sporting 29,381 40,659 50,466 Estádio José Alvalade - Século XXI
4 Vitória de Guimarães 19,578 30,000 30,165 Estádio D. Afonso Henriques
5 Sporting de Braga 15,614 25,745 30,154 Estádio AXA (Estádio Municipal de Braga)
6 Académica 6,872 19,068 30,210 Estádio Cidade de Coimbra
7 Marítimo 5,825 8,440 9,117 Estádio dos Barreiros
8 Boavista 5,386 17,875 28,263 Estádio do Bessa - Século XXI
9 Leixões S.C. 5,0397 12,710 8,035 Estádio do Mar
10 Vitória de Setúbal 3,256 4,850 25,000 Estádio do Bonfim
11 Belenenses 2,810 7,889 32,500 Estádio do Restelo
12 União de Leiria 2,253 8,960 24,771 Estádio Municipal de Leiria Dr. Magalhães Pessoa
13 Naval 1º de Maio 2,216 4,981 10,000 Estádio Municipal José Bento Pessoa
14 Paços de Ferreira 2,045 3,390 10,000 Estádio da Mata Real
15 Nacional 1,579 4,711 3,000 Estádio da Madeira
16 Estrela da Amadora 1,408 4,503 12,630 Estádio José Gomes

List of champions and top scorers

Clubs Players
Season Champions Points Runners-up Points Teams Rounds Points
/win
Bola de Prata
(Top Scorer)
Club Goals
Experimental Experimental
  1934/35 F.C. Porto 22 Sporting CP 20 8 14 2 pts Soeiro Sporting CP 14
  1935/36 S.L. Benfica 21 F.C. Porto 20 8 14 2 pts Pinga F.C. Porto 21
  1936/37 S.L. Benfica (2) 24 C.F. Os Belenenses 23 8 14 2 pts Soeiro Sporting CP 24
  1937/38 S.L. Benfica (3) 23 F.C. Porto 23 8 14 2 pts Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 34
Definitive Definitive
  1938/39 F.C. Porto (2) 23 Sporting CP 22 8 14 2 pts Costuras F.C. Porto 18
  1939/40 F.C. Porto (3) 34 Sporting CP 32 10 18 2 pts Fernando Peyroteo
Slavkoo Kordnya
Sporting CP
F.C. Porto
29
  1940/41 Sporting CP 23 F.C. Porto 20 8 14 2 pts Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 29
  1941/42 S.L. Benfica (4) 38 Sporting CP 34 12 22 2 pts Correia Dias F.C. Porto 36
  1942/43 S.L. Benfica (5) 30 Sporting CP 29 10 18 2 pts Julinho S.L. Benfica 24
  1943/44 Sporting CP (2) 31 S.L. Benfica 26 10 18 2 pts Francisco Rodrigues Vitória F.C. (Setúbal) 28
  1944/45 S.L. Benfica (6) 30 Sporting CP 27 10 18 2 pts Francisco Rodrigues Vitória F.C. (Setúbal) 21
  1945/46 C.F. Os Belenenses 38 S.L. Benfica 37 12 22 2 pts Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 37
  1946/47 Sporting CP (3) 47 S.L. Benfica 41 14 26 2 pts Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 43
  1947/48 Sporting CP (4) 41 S.L. Benfica 41 14 26 2 pts António Araújo F.C. Porto 36
  1948/49 Sporting CP (5) 42 S.L. Benfica 37 14 26 2 pts Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 40
  1949/50 S.L. Benfica (7) 45 Sporting CP 39 14 26 2 pts Julinho S.L. Benfica 28
  1950/51 Sporting CP (6) 45 F.C. Porto 34 14 26 2 pts Manuel Vasques Sporting CP 29
  1951/52 Sporting CP (7) 41 S.L. Benfica 40 14 26 2 pts José Águas S.L. Benfica 28
  1952/53 Sporting CP (8) 43 S.L. Benfica 39 14 26 2 pts Matateu C.F. Os Belenenses 29
  1953/54 Sporting CP (9) 43 F.C. Porto 36 14 26 2 pts João Martins Sporting CP 31
  1954/55 S.L. Benfica (8) 39 C.F. Os Belenenses 39 14 26 2 pts Matateu C.F. Os Belenenses 32
  1955/56 F.C. Porto (4) 43 S.L. Benfica 43 14 26 2 pts José Águas S.L. Benfica 28
  1956/57 S.L. Benfica (9) 41 F.C. Porto 40 14 26 2 pts José Águas S.L. Benfica 30
  1957/58 Sporting CP (10) 43 F.C. Porto 43 14 26 2 pts Arsénio Duarte G.D. CUF 23
  1958/59 F.C. Porto (5) 41 S.L. Benfica 41 14 26 2 pts José Águas S.L. Benfica 26
  1959/60 S.L. Benfica (10) 45 Sporting CP 43 14 26 2 pts Edmur Ribeiro Vitória S.C. (Guimarães) 25
  1960/61 S.L. Benfica (11) 46 Sporting CP 42 14 26 2 pts José Águas S.L. Benfica 27
  1961/62 Sporting CP (11) 43 F.C. Porto 41 14 26 2 pts Veríssimo F.C. Porto 23
  1962/63 S.L. Benfica (12) 48 F.C. Porto 42 14 26 2 pts José Augusto Torres S.L. Benfica 26
  1963/64 S.L. Benfica (13) 46 F.C. Porto 40 14 26 2 pts Eusébio S.L. Benfica 28
  1964/65 S.L. Benfica (14) 43 F.C. Porto 37 14 26 2 pts Eusébio S.L. Benfica 28
  1965/66 Sporting CP (12) 42 S.L. Benfica 41 14 26 2 pts Eusébio
Ernesto Figueiredo
S.L. Benfica
Sporting CP
25
  1966/67 S.L. Benfica (15) 43 A. Académica de Coimbra 40 14 26 2 pts Eusébio S.L. Benfica 31
  1967/68 S.L. Benfica (16) 41 Sporting CP 37 14 26 2 pts Eusébio S.L. Benfica 42
  1968/69 S.L. Benfica (17) 39 F.C. Porto 37 14 26 2 pts Manuel António A. Académica de Coimbra 19
  1969/70 Sporting CP (13) 46 S.L. Benfica 38 14 26 2 pts Eusébio S.L. Benfica 20
  1970/71 S.L. Benfica (18) 41 Sporting CP 38 14 26 2 pts Artur Jorge S.L. Benfica 23
  1971/72 S.L. Benfica (19) 55 Vitória F.C. (Setúbal) 45 16 30 2 pts Artur Jorge S.L. Benfica 27
  1972/73 S.L. Benfica (20) 58 C.F. Os Belenenses 40 16 30 2 pts Eusébio S.L. Benfica 40
  1973/74 Sporting CP (14) 49 S.L. Benfica 47 16 30 2 pts Yazalde Sporting CP 46
  1974/75 S.L. Benfica (21) 49 F.C. Porto 44 16 30 2 pts Yazalde Sporting CP 30
  1975/76 S.L. Benfica (22) 50 Boavista F.C. 48 16 30 2 pts Rui Jordão S.L. Benfica 30
  1976/77 S.L. Benfica (23) 51 Sporting CP 42 16 30 2 pts Fernando Gomes F.C. Porto 26
  1977/78 F.C. Porto (6) 51 S.L. Benfica 51 16 30 2 pts Fernando Gomes F.C. Porto 25
  1978/79 F.C. Porto (7) 50 S.L. Benfica 49 16 30 2 pts Fernando Gomes F.C. Porto 27
  1979/80 Sporting CP (15) 52 F.C. Porto 50 16 30 2 pts Rui Jordão Sporting CP 31
  1980/81 S.L. Benfica (24) 50 F.C. Porto 48 16 30 2 pts Nené S.L. Benfica 20
  1981/82 Sporting CP (16) 46 S.L. Benfica 44 16 30 2 pts Jacques Pereira F.C. Porto 27
  1982/83 S.L. Benfica (25) 51 F.C. Porto 47 16 30 2 pts Fernando Gomes F.C. Porto 36
  1983/84 S.L. Benfica (26) 52 F.C. Porto 49 16 30 2 pts Fernando Gomes
Nené
F.C. Porto
S.L. Benfica
21
  1984/85 F.C. Porto (8) 55 Sporting CP 47 16 30 2 pts Fernando Gomes F.C. Porto 39
  1985/86 F.C. Porto (9) 49 S.L. Benfica 47 16 30 2 pts Manuel Fernandes Sporting CP 30
  1986/87 S.L. Benfica (27) 48 F.C. Porto 46 16 30 2 pts Paulinho Cascavel Vitória S.C. (Guimarães) 22
  1987/88 F.C. Porto (10) 66 S.L. Benfica 51 20 38 2 pts Paulinho Cascavel Sporting CP 23
  1988/89 S.L. Benfica (28) 63 F.C. Porto 56 20 38 2 pts Vata Garcia S.L. Benfica 16
  1989/90 F.C. Porto (11) 59 S.L. Benfica 55 18 34 2 pts Mats Magnusson S.L. Benfica 33
  1990/91 S.L. Benfica (29) 69 F.C. Porto 67 20 38 2 pts Rui Águas S.L. Benfica 25
  1991/92 F.C. Porto (12) 56 S.L. Benfica 46 18 34 2 pts Ricky Boavista F.C. 30
  1992/93 F.C. Porto (13) 54 S.L. Benfica 52 18 34 2 pts Jorge Cadete Sporting CP 18
  1993/94 S.L. Benfica (30) 54 F.C. Porto 52 18 34 2 pts Rashidi Yekini Vitória F.C. (Setúbal) 21
  1994/95 F.C. Porto (14) 62 Sporting CP 53 18 34 2 pts Hassan Nader S.C. Farense 21
  1995/96 F.C. Porto (15) 84 S.L. Benfica 73 18 34 3 pts Domingos F.C. Porto 25
  1996/97 F.C. Porto (16) 85 Sporting CP 72 18 34 3 pts Mário Jardel F.C. Porto 30
  1997/98 F.C. Porto (17) 77 S.L. Benfica 68 18 34 3 pts Mário Jardel F.C. Porto 26
  1998/99 F.C. Porto (18) 79 Boavista F.C. 71 18 34 3 pts Mário Jardel F.C. Porto 36
  1999/00 Sporting C.P. (17) 77 F.C. Porto 73 18 34 3 pts Mário Jardel F.C. Porto 37
  2000/01 Boavista F.C. 77 F.C. Porto 76 18 34 3 pts Renivaldo Pena F.C. Porto 22
  2001/02 Sporting CP (18) 75 Boavista F.C. 70 18 34 3 pts Mário Jardel Sporting CP 42
  2002/03 F.C. Porto (19) 86 S.L. Benfica 75 18 34 3 pts Fary Faye
Simão
S.C. Beira-Mar
S.L. Benfica
18
  2003/04 F.C. Porto (20) 82 S.L. Benfica 74 18 34 3 pts Benni McCarthy F.C. Porto 20
  2004/05 S.L. Benfica (31) 65 F.C. Porto 62 18 34 3 pts Liedson Sporting CP 25
  2005/06 F.C. Porto (21) 79 Sporting CP 72 18 34 3 pts Meyong C.F. Os Belenenses 17
  2006/07

F.C. Porto (22) 69 Sporting CP 68 16 30 3 pts Liedson Sporting CP 15
  2007/08

F.C. Porto (23) 69 Sporting CP 55 16 30 3 pts Lisandro Lopez F.C. Porto 24

Performance by club

Club Winners Runners-up Winning Years and Runner-Up Years
S.L. Benfica 31 20 1936, 1937, 1938, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2005
F.C. Porto 23 24 1935, 1936, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1951, 1954, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008
Sporting Clube de Portugal 18 18 1935, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1958, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1974, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1995, 1997, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2007, 2008
C.F. Os Belenenses 1 3 1937, 1946, 1955, 1973
Boavista F.C. 1 3 1976, 1999, 2001, 2002
Académica de Coimbra - 1 1967
Vitória F.C. (Setúbal) - 1 1972

Records


Top Ten Highest Goalscorers
Player Period Club Goals
1 Fernando Peyroteo 1937-1949 Sporting CP 330 (Ø 1,68)
2 Eusébio 1960-1977 SL Benfica 319 (Ø 1,02)
3 Fernando Gomes 1974-1991 FC Porto 318 (Ø 0,79)
4 Jose Aguas 1950-1963 SL Benfica 290 (Ø 1,03)
5 Néné 1968-1986 SL Benfica 262 (Ø 0,62)
6 Manuel Fernandes 1970-1988 Sporting CP 243 (Ø 0,50)
7 Matateu 1951-1967 Os Belenenses 218 (Ø 0,75)
8 José Augusto Torres 1959-1980 SL Benfica 217 (Ø 0,57)
9 Rui Jordao 1971-1989 Sporting CP 215 (Ø 0,60)
10 Arsénio Duarte 1943-1959 SL Benfica 211 (Ø 0,67)

Other records

  • In 1972/73, Benfica won the Portuguese Liga without any defeat (28 wins and 2 ties).

Participating Clubs

Includes Campeonato da Liga. Years below refer to the season that ended that year.

Team City Years First season Last season Notes
1 SL Benfica Lisbon 75 1935 2009 31 titles
2 FC Porto Porto 75 1935 2009 23 titles
3 Sporting CP Lisbon 75 1935 2009 18 titles
4 CF Belenenses Lisbon 71 1935 2009 1 title
5 Vitória SC Guimarães 65 1942 2009
6 Vitória FC Setúbal 61 1935 2009
7 Académica Coimbra 57 1935 2009
8 SC Braga Braga 53 1948 2009
9 Boavista FC Porto 51 1936 2008 1 title
10 CS Marítimo Funchal 29 1978 2009
11 Atlético CP Lisbon 24 1944 1977
11 FC Barreirense Barreiro 24 1938 1979
11 Leixões SC Matosinhos 24 1937 2009
11 SC Beira Mar Aveiro 24 1962 2007
11 SC Salgueiros Porto 24 1944 2002 folded 2005
16 GD Fabril Barreiro 23 1943 1976 as GD CUF
16 SC Farense Faro 23 1971 2002
18 Varzim SC Póvoa de Varzim 21 1964 2003
19 GD Estoril-Praia Estoril 20 1945 2005
20 CF Estrela Amadora Amadora 16 1989 2008
21 Rio Ave FC Vila do Conde 15 1980 2009
21 SC Covilhã Covilhã 15 1949 1988
21 UD Leiria Leiria 15 1980 2008
21 SC Olhanense Olhão 15 1942 1975
25 Gil Vicente FC Barcelos 14 1991 2006
25 Lusitano Évora Évora 14 1953 1966
27 GD Chaves Chaves 13 1986 1999
27 Portimonense SC Portimão 13 1977 1990
29 FC Penafiel Penafiel 12 1981 2006
30 FC Paços Ferreira Paços de Ferreira 11 1992 2009
30 SC Espinho Espinho 11 1975 1997
32 CD Nacional Funchal 10 1989 2009
33 FC Tirsense Santo Tirso 8 1968 1996
34 Oriental Lisbon 7 1951 1975
35 FC Famalicão Famalicão 6 1947 1994
35 SCU Torreense Torres Vedras 6 1956 1992
35 União de Tomar Tomar 6 1969 1976
38 Académico do Porto Porto 5 1935 1942
38 Carcavelinhos Carcavelos 5 1936 1942 folded in 1942
38 CF União Madeira Funchal 5 1990 1995
38 FC Alverca Alverca do Ribatejo 5 1999 2004
38 O Elvas CAD Elvas 5 1948 1988
38 SC Campomaiorense Campo Maior 5 1996 2001
44 AD Sanjoanense São João da Madeira 4 1947 1969
44 CAF Viseu Viseu 4 1979 1989
44 Leça FC Leça da Palmeira 4 1942 1998
44 Naval 1º de Maio Figueira da Foz 4 2006 2009
44 SC Caldas Caldas da Rainha 4 1956 1959
49 Amora FC Amora 3 1981 1983
49 CD Aves Vila das Aves 3 1986 2007
49 CD Feirense Santa Maria da Feira 3 1963 1990
49 CD Montijo Montijo 3 1973 1977
49 CD Santa Clara Ponta Delgada 3 2000 2003
49 Lusitano VRSA Vila Real de Santo António 3 1948 1950
49 Moreirense FC Moreira de Cónegos 3 2003 2005
49 Unidos de Lisboa Lisbon 3 1941 1943
57 Seixal FC Seixal 2 1964 1965
57 SL Elvas Elvas 2 1946 1947
59 AD Fafe Fafe 1 1989 1989
59 Casa Pia AC Lisbon 1 1939 1939
59 CD Trofense Trofa 1 2009 2009
59 CF União de Coimbra Coimbra 1 1973 1973
59 FC Felgueiras Felgueiras 1 1996 1996 folded in 2005
59 FC Vizela Vizela 1 1985 1985
59 GC Alcobaça Alcobaça 1 1983 1983
59 GD Riopele Famalicão 1 1978 1978
59 RD Águeda Águeda 1 1984 1984
59 UD Oliveirense Oliveira de Azeméis 1 1946 1946
59 União de Lisboa Lisbon 1 1935 1935 folded in 1942

See also

References

External links

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