Pomponio Algerio (Nola, 1531- Rome, 1556) was a civil law student at the University of Padua whose radical theological beliefs attracted the attention of the Roman Inquisition. At his trial he wore his academic hat and gown to remind the tribunal that, as a student, he has the right to freely express his ideas. From the transcript of Pomponio Algerio at his trial:
After refusing to conform to Church doctrine, he was sentenced to prison and asked to reconsider his beliefs. After a year behind bars he still refuses to reconsider. Because Venetian authorities would not consent to an execution, Pope Paul IV sent officials to extradite Pomponio to Rome. On August 21st 1555, a monk from the brotherhood of St John the Beheaded visited Pomponio in his cell urging him to repent. If he repents he will be strangled before burning. The 24 year old student refused.
One year later, on August 22nd 1556 he was executed by civil authorities in the Piazza Navona. Maintaining his composure while he was boiled in oil, he stayed alive for 15 minutes before dying and becoming a Protestant martyr.