Plutarco Elías Calles (named for General Plutarco Elías Calles) is a municipality in the northwest of the Mexican state of Sonora. Its municipal seat and main urban center is Sonoyta, on the United States border opposite Lukeville, Arizona.
Area and population
The municipal area is 4,121.15 km². The municipal population counted in 2005 was 12,416. The population of the main settlement and municipal seat was 10,061 in 2005. It is located at an elevation of 406 meters. Most of the population lives in the north as the south is an inhospitable desert.
Neighboring municipalities are Caborca
to the east and Puerto Peñasco
to the east, south and west. The municipality borders the United States of America
to the north.
The north of the municipality is semi-desert with some hills. The south is part of the Gran Desierto de Altar
, one of the driest and most inhospitable places in the Western Hemisphere.
Agriculture is mainly irrigated by pumping from wells. Main crops are garden vegetables, alfalfa, beans, corn, cotton, and the production of fodder for the cattle industry, which is also important.
Industry consists of plants transforming cotton and packing houses for vegetables. There is also a small cheese factory.